(1786 - )
(ca 1786 - )
(1811 - )
(1812 - )
(ca 1814 - )
(ca 1814 - )
(1834 - 1907)
(1834 - 1874)
William James Joy|
(1867 - 1935)
Emma Louisa Harper
(1871 - 1957)
In 7 generations the Joys and their wives came from:
The Surname Profiler website shows the following information for the Joy name:
|Great Britain top area (1881)||Bournemouth|
|Great Britain top area (1998)||Bournemouth|
|Great Britain top area index *||503|
|Great Britain top postal town||Ringwood|
|Number of UK gazetteer entries||None|
|County of gazetteer entry||Not applicable|
|Republic of Ireland top county|
|Republic of Ireland top county index *|
|Australia top state||Northern Territory|
|Australia top state index *||255|
|Australia top standard statistical division||Ord, West Australia|
|New Zealand top province||Canterbury|
|New Zealand top province index *||197|
|United States top state||Maine|
|United States top state index *||581|
*See note 2 for an explanation of the terms.
|Gaol Record Detail For||James Joy||Samuel Joy||Richard Joy||Daniel Joy|
|Height||5 feet 6 inches||5 feet 8½ inches||5 feet 5 inches|
|Hair Colour||Sandy||Dark Brown||Dark Brown|
|Education||Read and Write|
|Identifying Features||Stout, scar on the left little finger||Dark spot on back of right hand near the thumb|
|Offence||Game Laws||Game Laws||On the 17th Dec.1852 at Luton in the said county cruelly beating and ill treating an Ass||Further examination|
|Committed By||Rev.W.P.Nethersole||G.P.Livius Esquire||H.Brandreth Esquire, J. Crawley esq.||C.L.Higgins Esquire|
|Type of Gaol||Bedford, Old House of Correction||Bedford, New House of Correction||Bedford, New House of Correction|
|Sentence||3 Months||6 Weeks Hard Labour||2 Calendar Months Hard Labour or pay 4 pounds 19 shillings and sixpence||2 Calendar Months Hard Labour or pay £4.19s. 6d.|
|How Disposed||Discharged||Paid Fine|
|General Remarks on Prisoner||Orderly||Orderly|
ALTHOUGH for most country girls in Victorian England the choice of work outside the home was limited to domestic service, there were certain areas to which this did not apply. In some cases the reason lay in the existence of competing employment in local factories or workshops - so that in Lancashire (taking rural and urban districts together) about one in four girls aged between ten and fifteen were employed in cotton manufacture at the time of the 1871 Census of Population. But in other places, the cause was the continued survival of a cottage industry in which child labour played a significant role and where 'a well- ordered family could obtain as much or more than the husband who was at work on a neighbouring farm. This latter circumstance applied to the counties of Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire, where particularly during the first half of Queen Victoria's reign the pillow lace and straw plait trades were of considerable importance the latter being organized primarily to meet the needs of the hat industry of Luton and Dunstable. Table i shows the size of the work force as recorded in the Census Reports of 1851,1861 and 1871. Nevertheless, these figures are probably an under-estimate of the true position, since many of the women and children working only on a part-time basis did not bother to declare their occupation to the Census enumerator.
There can be little doubt of the overall dominance of the two counties in these cottage industries. At the 1871 Census more than half of the country's straw plaiters were to be found within them, while of the five major pillow lace making centres, viz. Northamptonshire, Devon, Oxfordshire, Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, the two last provided three-fifths of the total. At that date nearly one in three of Bedfordshire's girls in the age range ten to fifteen were employed as plaiters, while about one in nine of the Buckinghamshire girls in the same age group were occupied as lacemakers.
(from A. J. Tansley, On the Straw Plait Trade, Journal of the Society of Arts, ix, 72, 21 Dec. i86o.)
The Richardson distribution in 1881 implies the family originates in Northern England, however our Richardson family lived south of Bedford in Bedfordshire from at least 1814.
The Lettin family name seems to be quite rare - to the extent that it is not listed in the Surname Distribution database.
For details on their family continue here.
* Calculation of an 'index' : If a name has a rate per million population in an area which is identical to its rate in a base comparison area then we say it has an index of '100'. An index of '200' for a the name Jenson in Ohio would mean that the name Jenson was twice as common, per million population, in Ohio as it was in the reference area, in this case the whole US. An index of '500' for Wong in Victoria would indicate that the name Wong was five times more common per 1,000,000 names in Victoria than in the whole of Australia. An index of '1000' for the name Penhaligon in New Zealand would mean it was ten times more common per 1,000.000 names in New Zealand than in Great Britain. By contrast an index of only '50' would indicate a name which was only half as common in a target area than in its reference area.