Francis Guy & Mary Anne Canter
Francis & Joseph Guy and the Canters
Francis Guy was born in Cork, County Cork, Ireland in 1820, the son of Richard Feltham Guy and Ann (Bacon) Guy. For more information on the earlier Guy family see the Guy Family Ancestry.

Francis married Mary Ann Canter (1826 to 1902) at St Michael's, Limerick, Co. Limerick, Ireland, on 15 December 1853 2. Mary Anne was the daughter of Richard Palmer Canter and Mary (Travers) Canter of Limerick 3. See the Canter Family History for more details.

Francis & Mary had 7 children

 
G4 Richard Feltham Guy Ann Bacon Richard Palmer Canter Mary Travers
   
 
G3 Francis Guy
(1820 - 1882)
=
Mary Ann Canter
(1826 - 1902)
 
           
G2 Frances Mary
( - )
Annie Louise
(1856 - 1919)
Richard John
(abt 1857 - 1913)
Catherine
(abt 1858 - )
Francis Bacon
(1861 - 1945)
Joseph Feltham
(1863 - 1935)
George Walter
(1865 - 1942)
 
Francis's brother Joseph's married Mary Anne's sister Catherine Letitia Canter.

 
G4 Richard Feltham Guy Ann Bacon Richard Palmer Canter Mary Travers
   
 
G3 Joseph Guy
(1817 - 1872)
=
Catherine Letitia Canter
(c.1828 - 1869)
 
     
G2 Josephine
(1863 - )
Frances Ann
(1866 - )
Walter Francis
(1868 - )
Emily
(1869 - )
 
We will see that both the Guy and Canter families were printers, publishers, photographers and stationers.
St Michael's Limerick
St Michael's, Limerick
Guy & Co., Cork
The first record we have of the Guy's businesses are from the 1844-45 Aldwell's City of Cork Directory. There were 5 brothers and by 1844 some of them had apparently taken over Richard Palmer Guy's business as Guy Brothers Grocers & Stationers and were located at 64 Patrick Street. Later records show Francis, Joseph and John at the same address and so these three probably formed "Guy Brothers".

Later records (see opposite) show their continual growth, by 1846 they were "Guy Brothers, grocers and paper dealers", still at 64 Patrick Street.

In 1856 there is the first mention of printing and they were obviously expanding the business as they had moved to 70 Patrick Street with considerably more space to expand and by 1863 had acquired additional premises at 26 - 28 Academy Street in Cork.

The Griffith Valuation (1847-64) shows the 3 'Guy Brothers", Joseph, Francis and John, leasing property in Patrick Street (possibly both 64 and 70?).

Patrick St
Photo of Patrick Street ca. 1860 - 1879.

The Paris Studio in the left foreground is at 64 Patrick Street

70 Patrick Street is the darker coloured building to the right
of the Woodford building and to the left of the lamp post.
Their factory was behind this building extending to the river front on Coal Quay.

References to Cork Business (see ref 5):
Freeman's Journal, Dublin. August 21, 1844
Agents for Captain John Rhodes Pidding, Green Tea Importer [Cork]
Guy Bros, Tea Dealers

1844-45 Aldwell's City of Cork Directory
64 Patrick Street, Guy Brothers Grocers & Stationers
84 Patrick Street, Guy George, Stationer
18 Merchants' Quay, Guy Richard B., Vintner
21 Andersonís Quay, Guy George, Vintner

1846 Slaters Directory for Cork
64 Patrick Street, Guy Brothers, grocers and paper dealers
18 Merchants' Quay, Guy, Richard B., publican

St Pauls Vestry, c. 7/4/1847
Messrs. Ballard, Edden and Guy, with the Churchwardens were elected a Foundling Committee

1847-64 Griffith Valuation
Joseph, Francis & John Guy from SARAH WOOD & SON, Patrick Street, St Paul, Cork
Joseph, Francis & John Guy from Daniel Donegan, Patrick Street, St Paul, Cork

1856 Slaters Directory for Cork
70 Patrick Street, Guy Brothers, booksellers, stationers, engravers and letterpress and lithographic printers
94 Old Georges St., GUY, Frances, shopkeeper

Robert H. Laing's 1863
27 Academy St, Guy Brothers, wholesale stationers and printers
16 Marlboro' St, Guy, Geo., whlse. stationer
70 St Patrick St, Guy, Francis, stationer
1 Smithgrove Tce, Guy, John, stationer
2 Landscape Tce, Guy, Francis, stationer
1 Wellington Tce, (Lower Glanmire Rd), Guy, Joseph. stationer

Henry & Coghlan's 1867
26/28 Academy St, Guy Brothers., stationers and printers
15 Marlboro' St, GUY, GEORGE, wholesale stationer
70 St Patrick St, Guy, Francis, stationer
1 Smithgrove Tce, Guy, John, stationer

Richard Bacon, John, and George
Not an awful lot is known about these brothers. As we have seen, the "Guy Brothers" were probably only three of the five brothers, John, Francis and Joseph.

In the 1844-45 Aldwell's directory Richard Bacon Guy, the oldest son, is listed as a vintner at 18 Merchantís Quay. Richard Bacon Guy died in 1849.

Also in the 1844-45 Aldwell's, George Guy, the youngest son, appears to have had two businesses, a Stationer at 84 Patrick Street and a Vintner at 21 Andersonís Quay and in 1856 George was a wholesale stationer in Marlboro' Street, Cork. Given the stationery connection, he was possibly also involved with the printing business.

The only other mention of John is in the Griffith Valuation (1847-64) when he was leasing property at Sunday's Well Road. He married Sarah Clements in 1850 may have later emigrated to the USA.

Guy & Co. Limerick
Guy & Co. was located not only in Cork, but also in Limerick.

I initially thought that the company originated in Cork, but I recently discovered a piece of Guy printing at the Limerick Museum, dated 1843 (see side box), possibly pre-dating the Cork printing works by 10 to 15 years.

Leaflet. Advertising flier. Richard Raleigh, Limerick Tobacco and Snuff Factory, 13 Patrick Street, Limerick, Estd. 1843. Printed by Guy & McQuaide, machine printers, Limerick.
This would seem to imply that the Guy Brother's printing business was originally Guy & McQuaide (or McQuaide) in Limerick (see tables opposite).

The business appears to have started at and then moved (or spread) to 114 George St in about 1857 (note that George was renamed O'Connell Street in about 1900). At about the turn of the century address included which runs parallel to George Street, and so it must have become a substantial site.

The Limerick business operated under several names. The dates are from products in the collection of the Limerick Museum and trade directories and may extend beyond the range shown (see tables opposite and in the notes):

References to Limerick Business:
Limerick City Trades Register, Record #42326
Guy & McQuaide , Printers & Stationers, 114 George Street, 1879, Page 71 Bassett Directory

On items in the collection of the Limerick Museum
Guy & McQuaide, Machine Printers 1843 to 1880

Guy & Co. Law Stationers, 107 George St. Limerick, 1855

Guy & Co., Limerick Stationery Hall, 114 George Street, 1857 to 1868

Guy & Co, Limerick and Cork, 1860

Guy & Co. Ltd, 114 George Street, Limerick 1858 to 1902 and

Guy & Co. Ltd., 114 O'Connell Street, Limerick, 1913 [George St. was renamed O'Connell St]

Guy & Co, lithrs, Limerick, 1865 (on a lithographic print)

Guy & Co., Limerick, 1888 to 1931 (no address given)

Postcards & Photos by Guy & Co. Ltd, Limerick, 1895-1919 (no address given)

Guy, George St. & Catherine St., 1903

Guy & Co. Ltd., Photographers & Printers Limerick, c.1910

Guy & Co., 1943 to 1948, (Limerick or Cork?)

Other items of interest in the museum collection:
Item from "Photographic studio of T. MacMahon, 123 George St, late of Guy and Co., Limerick", late 1800s

Photograph of T. McMahon late of Guy & Co., 123 George St/ Limerick, 1910-20

photography by Mr Richardson of Guy and Co. 1909

McQuaide
Surname McQuaide
Forename W.H.
Trade Masonic Lodges
Address
RegYear 1875
Directory Bassett
Page xvii
Notes P.M., Treasurer, Lodge 73
Given that the only McQuaide business listed in the Limerick Trades Directory is Guy & McQuaide, it is highly likely that W.H. McQuaide (box to the right), the only McQuaide in the Limerick Trades Directory, is the business partner we are seeking.

Given the dates discussed above showing that the Limerick printing operation apparently predates the Cork one by perhaps 15 years, it seems likely that McQuaide established the printing business.

One possibility is that Richard Feltham Guy had set it up with McQuaide even earlier.

Marriage and Ongoing Business Expansion
Francis and his brothers were obviously frequent visitors to Limerick (from at least 1843) and in 1853 Francis married Mary Anne Canter, daughter of Richard Palmer Canter and Mary Travers of Limerick. Richard Palmer was also a printer and stationer, but had died in 1834 and Mary Canter, his wife, had taken over the business.

Francis's brother Joseph married Catherine Letitia Canter, Mary's sister, and so there were close connections between the two families.

The Canter's printing business was established by Richard Palmer Canter at in about 1823 and after his death Mary moved it to 43 Patrick St. Mary died in 1867 and in 1867 and 1870 the business is listed under Joseph Canter, probably Richard's brother, Joseph Palmer Canter. The business is not listed after 1870 and so must have been closed shortly after this date.

As well as the disappearance of the Canter business c. 1870, Guy & McQuaide stopped trading c. 1880-90 and the Cork business also changed to Guy & Co. c. 1880-90. Perhaps at this time all of the businesses (including the Canter's?) were merged under the one name?

In Bassett's Limerick trade directory of 1880 Richard J Guy (son of Francis) is listed at the business address of the firm in Limerick and Francis Guy is listed at the Cork business address and so was presumably managing (or was at least a manager of) the Limerick branch.

References to Cork Business (see ref 5):

1863 Robert H Laing's Cork Directory
70 Patrick Street and 27 Academy St, Francis Guy, Stationer, Guy Brothers, stationers and printers

1846 to 1864 Griffith's Valuation of Cork

1867 Henry & Coughlans Directory of Cork
26/28 Academy St, Guy Brothers, stationers and printers and
70 Patrick Street,Guy, Francis, Stationer

1875-76 Francis Guy's Cork Directory
70 St Patrick's Street, Cork Stationery Hall Ė Francis Guy, proprietor. Printer, lithographer, account book manufacturer, die sinker, machine ruler etc.; office of the Co. and City of Cork directory

1880 Cork Examiner (News. Lib)
Advert for Francis Guy, 70 Patrick St , Cork (Bookbinder)

1886 Francis Guy's Directory of Munster
70 St Patrick's Street, Guy, F., Photographic studio
70 St Patrick's Street, Guy, Francis, stationer, etc.

1907 Guy's Cork City and County Directory
67 St Patrick's Street, Guy & Co. Ltd., Wholesale paper merchants, etc.
70 St Patrick's Street, Guy & Co. Ltd., stationers, etc.
70 St Patrick's Street, Guys Photographic Studio

1925 Guy's Cork City and County Directory
67 St Patrick's Street, Guy & Co. Ltd., Wholesale paper merchants, etc.
70 St Patrick's Street, Guy & Co. Ltd., Printers, stationers, etc.
70 St Patrick's Street, Guys Photographic Studio

1931 Thom's Directory of Ireland
Guy & Co, Bookbinders and Advertising agent, Patrick Street

1935 Guy's Cork City and County Directory
67 St Patrick's Street, Guy & Co. Ltd., Wholesale paper merchants, etc.
70 St Patrick's Street, Guy & Co. Ltd., Printers, stationers, etc.
70 St Patrick's Street, Guys Photographic Studio

1945 Guy's Cork City and County Official Directory
67 St Patrick's Street, Guy & Co. Ltd., Wholesale paper merchants, etc.
70 St Patrick's Street, Guy & Co. Ltd., Printers, stationers, etc.
70 St Patrick's Street, Guys Photographic Studio

In the 1976 Thom's Directory, the premises in St Patrick's Street were vacant and later they were (and still are) occupied by the Bank of Ireland.

Sunday's Well Road
We have seen that in the Griffith valuation John, the oldest surviving son, was living at Sunday's Well Road in Cork.

In 1877 Francis and Mary were living at . The house is on the south side of the road directly opposite Shanakeil Road in the lower left of the map.

Sunday's Well Road Sundays_Well_Road
Guy House at 58 Sunday's Well Road taken from Shanakeil Road (left) and the River Lee (right).
The house is the one in the photograph behind the block wall with the yellow door (left photo). Above the door is the name "Verulam". The only reference to this name that I can find, with a possible Guy family connection, is that of Baron Verulam of Verulam, Francis Bacon (1561-1626). Francis Guy's mother was Ann Bacon and so perhaps there was a family link or, more likely, Francis used his namesake's house name?

The right hand photograph is taken from the grounds of the neighbouring house (the two story house to the left in the left-hand photograph), which show these properties to be very desirable addresses even now. The properties run down to the River Lee. The Guy house is the one to the left.

From the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography"

Bacon was made lord chancellor on 7 January 1618 and on 12 July he was raised to the peerage and created Baron Verulam of Verulam. Thereon he styled himself Francis, Lord Verulamónever Lord Bacon as subsequent generations have often styled him.

The name Verulam apparently came from the name of the house he built near St Albans in Hertfordshire.

1882 to 1902
Francis died in 1882 at the age of 62 and Mary Anne lived on until 1902, dying at the age of 75.

Coincidentally, Mary Jane Mayne, the first wife of Richard John Guy also died in 1882. Perhaps the death of his wife and father in the same year contributed to him leaving his family.

Printing Examples
Francis Guy Directory
Page from Francis Guy's 1875-76 Directory of Cork
Guy & Co, Limerick
Invoice for Guy & Co, Limerick, 1896
Guy Brothers, Cork
Advertisement for Guy Brothers, Cork
Guy & Co into the 21st Century
At about 1890 all of the business became Guy and Co and over the next years grew to be the major printer and publisher in Munster.

It was family owned until very recently when it was sold to the Clondalkin Group of Dublin.

It became a specialist pharmaceutical packaging supplier and remained Guy & Co until July 2006, when it was renamed Pharmagraphics Guy. It is located at IDA Industrial Estate, Ovens, Co. Cork, just west of Cork City.

Notes & References
  1. Unless otherwise noted this information is from communications with Martyn Guy and Kent Jaffa (Canter family).
  2. Marriage certificate Francis Guy to Mary Anne Canter, Limerick, 1853.
  3. E-mail from the Curator of the Limerick Museum, Oct 2004.
  4. From the Limerick Trades Register:
    Name Trade Year No Address
    Guy & Co. Booksellers & Stationers 1856 107 George Street
    Guy & Co. Printers (Letterpress) 1856 107 George Street
    Guy & Co. Paper Warehouses 1867 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Printers 1867 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Stationers 1867 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Bookbinders 1870 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Engravers 1870 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Printers (Letterpress) 1870 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Stationers 1870 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Printers 1875 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Bookbinders 1877 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Printers 1877 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Stationers 1877 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Printers & Stationers 1879 114 George Street
    Guy Richard J Unknown 1880 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Printers 1880 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Printers 1884 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Engravers 1886 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Printers 1886 114 George Street
    Guy & McQuaide Printers 1891 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Account Book Manufacturers 1908 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Badge Makers & Printers 1908 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Bags (Paper) 1908 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Book Publishers 1908 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Calendars & Catologues 1908   O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Lithographers 1908   O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Picture Framers 1908   O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Printers 1908 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Unknown 1912 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Unknown 1912 11 Catherine Street
    Guy & Co. Account Book Manufacturers 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Billposters 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Bookbinders 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Booksellers 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Fancy Warehouses 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Paper Bag Manufacturers 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Photographers 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Printers (Letterpress) 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Stationers 1912 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Unknown 1913 11 Catherine Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Unknown 1913 9 Catherine Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Unknown 1913 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Account Book Manufacturers 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Billposters 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Bookbinders 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Booksellers 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Fancy Warehouses 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Paper Bag Manufacturers 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Photographers 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Printers (Letterpress) 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Stationers 1913 114 George Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Unknown 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Unknown 1914 9 Catherine Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Unknown 1914 11 Catherine Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Account Book Manufacturers 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Billposters 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Bookbinders 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Booksellers 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Fancy Warehouses 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Paper Bag Manufacturers 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Photographers 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Printers (Letterpress) 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Stationers 1914 114 O'Connell Street
    Guy & Co. Ltd. Account Book Manufacturers 1915 114 George Street
  5. St Patrick's Street: Cork Business Directories
  6. Cork Ancestors