The Earls of Roden
before 1400

Their involvement in Irish politics and the creation of the Earldom of Roden.

The senior lines descended through Thomas, the eldest son of Geoffrey Jocelyn (G15) and his wife Catherine Bray, who resided at and , which lines took the spelling Jocelyn.
 
G15 Geoffrey Josselyn
(died 1424)
=
(1st) Catherine Bray
(2nd).....(?)
 
 
G14 Thomas Jocelyn Geoffrey Josselyn Sir Ralph Josselyn
(Lord Mayor of London)
William Josselyn
(no male issue)
Margery Josselyn Elizabeth Josselyn
 
G13 Senior Line
(Earls of Roden,
Irish peerage)
 
East Anglian Line Richard
(no male issue)
1400 to 1600
The descent of the senior lines is as follows:
                               
G14 Thomas Jocelyn
= Alice Duke
 
G13 George Jocelyn
= Maud Bardolph
 
G12 John Jocelyn
(of High Roding)
= Phillippa Bradbury
 
G11 Sir Thomas Jocelyn
(1507 - 1562)
= Dorothy Gates
 
 
G10 Thomas
(b 1546/7)
Richard
= Anne Lucas (2nd)
Leonard
(no issue)
Henry (d 1587)
= Anne Torrell
John
(1529 - 1609)
Edward (1548-1603)
= Mary Lambe
Dorothy
and 6 other daughters
 
 
G9 continued below Thomas, m 1590 American family
 
1400 to 1480
Thomas Jocelyn (Gl4), the eldest son who married Alice Duke, succeeded his father in the 1420's.
1430 to 1480
George (G13), married Maud Bardolph; he was heir to his uncle, Sir Ralph Jocelyn of London, being aged 40 or more at the time of his uncle's death in 1478.

They had sons Ralph, John and Phillip plus a daughter, Eliz (bc 1460) who married Robert Fitzherbert (IGI); Ralph, the eldest son and heir, married and had three sons but that line continued for only one further generation in the male line. The main line followed through the second son John.

John of High Roding (G12), 1460 to 1525
John married Phillippa Bradbury and had issue a son Thomas and two daughters. He died in 1525 in possession of the Manor of Shellow Bowells; Sawbridgeworth Church contains a tomb of 1525 with John and his wife Phillipa sculptured on it, reported in 1763 to already have been mutilated; (see later for an account of the family at High Roding).
At the north-east corner of the chancel is a tomb with the recumbent effigies of John Jocelyn, 1525, and his wife Phyllis; he is in plate armour and his wife is dressed in a long robe; the figures are much defaced.

(British History Online Sawbridgeworth Parish)

Sir Thomas Jocelyn (G11), 1507 to 1562
Thomas Jocelyn was aged 18 years old at the time of his father's death in 1525.

He married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Gates, and was created K.B. at the Coronation of Edward VI, 1547. He acquired estates in the Sawbridgeworth area including Broomhill, (Broomshoebury) which manor once belonged to Robert the Bruce, he being deprived of this property by Edward I after being crowned at Scone in 1306.

Sir Thomas Jocelyn served as a commissioner at the dissolution of the monasteries in 1553, as is recorded by Morant (Ref 56).

It is unusual for a family associated with the foundation of a monastic order to be connected some sixteen generations later with the Dissolution!

They had a family of six sons and seven daughters of whom the following were of note, namely Richard, (who succeeded his father), Henry, John and Dorothy;

Since their eldest son Thomas (G10) (b 20 Feb 1546/7) married but did not have any issue; the senior line descended through their second son, Richard (continued later). Their other children included:

"Walden. This inventorie made and indented between the right hon'able Sir Richard Riche, knight lord Riche, Sir George Norton, Sir Thomas Joslyn, knight, and Edmund Mordant, esquire, Commissioners ..... and John Fuller sen presenters, of th'other partie, Witneseth that the sayde presenters have presented unto us the Vth of October in the V1th yere (1553) of the reigne of o' Sov'eigne, Lord Edward VIth ..... The true Intventorie of all Copes, vestmts, plate Juells and other Implements belonging to the sayde churche in maner and forme followinge.
Gold plate Juells and other implemts .....

G Norton.
T Josselyn.
Edmund Mordant.

Sir Richard Riche was the chief prosecution witness at the trial of Sir Thomas More (1535). More had been replaced by Sir Robert Cromwell as Chancellor when he refused to swear allegiance to Henry VIII; he was beheaded July 6th 1535.

Sir Thomas Joscelyn (3) of Hyde Hall, Hertfordshire and High Roding, Essex (DNB, sub 'Joscelyn, John')

In Bonner's retinue when the Bishop conducted his visitation of Hertfordshire and Essex in 1554. Inadvertently struck by Bonner, who was trying to strike Edmund Brygott, the parson of Much Hadham, Hertfordshire. Jested about Bonner's sanity to Feckenham, who tried to apologise for the Bishop (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p. 1403-40 [recte 1404]; 1583, p. 1474).

Sir Thomas's son John was Matthew Parker's secretary and probably was also one of Foxe's sources for this incident.

Also referred to as Sir Thomas Josselin.
(from John Foxe's Book of Martyrs)

John Jocelyn (G10)
John Jocelyn, esquire, interred here doth lie,
Sir Thomas Jocelyn's third son, of worthy memory.
Thrice noble was this gentleman by birth, by learning great,
By single, chast, and godly life, he won in heaven a seat.
He the year one thousand and five hundred and twenty nine was born,
Not twenty yeares old him Cambridge with two degrees adorn.
Kings College him a fellow chose, in anno forty nine.
In learning tryde whereto he did his mind alwaies incline.
But others took the praise and fame of his deserving wit,
And his inventions, as their own, to printing did commit.
One thousand six hundred and three, it grieves all to remember
He left this life, (poor's daily friend), the twenty-eighth December

[nb "Kings" should be "Queen's"]

John was a learned antiquarian, secretary to Archbishop Parker, and was his assistant in collecting material and writing 'Antiquitates Britannicae', contributing the Lives of the Saints. He also published a number of learned items on his own account. His inscription in High Roding refers to his works (opposite).

He donated £100 towards founding a Hebrew Lecture at Queen's, Cambridge in 1549.

Dorothy (G10)
Behold heere youth and beauty lyinge,
Nurst by Nature's hande and fed;
And then timely laid to bed:
From wayful griefs and woeful cryinge,
Whose life is but a a vital dying.
Yet seeke her not whose name I keepe
In the grave; for she's ascended;
Earth with earth alone is blended;
And angels singe though we do weepe,
She wakes in heaven though heere she sleepe
Vanish thy blood, thy life shall springe,
From thy virtues ever deathless;
Fame hath breadth, though thou be breathlesse
My pen thus impes thy praise winge,
Which stones shall speak and tune shall singe,
Ob 27, Junii 1613, De Voto Christopheri Brooke.
The church at Willingdale Dou contained an inscription to Dorothy (G10), who married Richard Brewster:
Henry (G10)
Henry married Anne Torrel (dau of Humphry and Alice Torrel) and later brought several notable properties to the Jocelyn family; (Anne Torrel was stated to be 2yrs 40wks old when Humphry Torrel died, inq 36 Henry I, 12th Sept 1544). They had ten children.
Thomas (G9)
The eldest surviving son was Sir Thomas of whom it is recorded (opposite):

Sir Thomas Jocelyn (G9) married secondly Theodora Cooke, of Kent, daughter of Edmund Cooke and widow of Clement Bere. He had issue by his first wife a sons Edward and Torrelus and by his second wife two sons, Henry and John.

                               
G9 Sir Thomas Jocelyn
= (1 st) Dorothy Scott

= (2 nd) Theodora Cooke
 
 
G8 Edward
(b 1602)
 
Torrelus Henry
(d 1683)
John
Oct 15 1590. An act removing Sentence of Excommunication against Thomas Josselyn of Willingdale Doe and Dorothy, Widow of George Scott of Hatfield Broad Oak; they having been clandestinely married at the house of her father John Francke, in Hatfield Broad Oak (Ref 72).
Henry Jocelyn (G8)
Henry was sent to New England in 1631 by Capt John Mason, patentee of New Hampshire, where he served as a member of the Maine government. He settled at Scarborough, Maine, becoming Deputy Governor of Maine in 1645. Conquered by the Indians in 1676, he retreated westwards but later returned to Maine where he died in 1683. Whilst in Maine, he was visited in 1638 by his younger brother John who stayed for a short while before returning to England, travelling out in the "Nicholas " and home in the "Fellowship". John visited a second time in 1663, arriving at Boston on 28th July and staying there for a period of some eight years before returning to England where he arrived in Dec 1671. Shortly after arriving home he published his impressions of the country in a curious book "New-England's Rarities discovered in birds, beasts, fishes, serpents, and plants of that country" [Publ. 1672, reprinted 1865] He wrote also "An account of two Voyages to New-England. Wherein you have the setting out of a ship, with the charges; ..... a description of the country, natives and creatures, with their merchantil and physical use; the government of the country, ..... a large chronological table of the most remarkable passages from the first discovering of the Continent of America to the year 1673" [Publ. 1674, repr.1834 & 69]. (Ref 88)
? to 1604
As shown above, the senior line of descent from Sir Thomas was through Richard Jocelyn (G10). Richard married twice and died in 1604 having had issue (by his second wife), namely Richard, John, Edward, Jane and Winifred. (Ref IGI)
 
G11 Sir Thomas Jocelyn
(1507 - 1562)
= Dorothy Gates
 
 
G10 Thomas
(b 1546/7)
Richard
= Anne Lucas (2nd)
|
Leonard
(no issue)
Henry
(d 1587)
= Anne Torrell
John
(1529 - 1609)
Edward
(1548-1603)
= Mary Lambe
Dorothy
and 6 other daughters
 
 
G9 Richard
d before 1619
= 1st ?, dau. of Richard Barnes
= 2nd Joyce Atkinson
John Edward
(b 1562)
......Wiseman
with issue John
Jane Winifred
 
G8 Sir Robert
(1600-1664)
= 1619 Bridget Smith, dau. of Sir Wm Smith
 
G7 Sir Robert (1st Baronet)
= Jane Strange, dau. of Robert Strange
 
Richard Jocelyn (G9), 1564 to 1605
Richard married first the daughter of Richard Barnes, Bishop of Durham, and second Joyce Atkinson, by whom he had a son Robert.
Robert Jocelyn (G8), 1600 to 1664
Robert married in 1619 Bridget Smith, as documented opposite:

During this time, the Jocelyns appear to have become involved with the non-conformist church; it is recorded that Andrew Cater, a non-conformist minister who had been ejected from his previous position, was taken in by Sir Robert at Hyde Hall. Cater was later sentenced to jail under the 'Five-mile Act' for preaching within five miles of Hertford.

Sir Robert was Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1645; he died 1664, having had issue which included sons William, Robert (the eldest surviving son) and Francis and three daughters.

"Nov 20th, 1619 Robert Josselyn, Sawbridgeworth, Herts, less than 20 years, son of Richard Josselyn, Esq, deceased (consent of Sir William Maynard, Kt, and Dame Susan Maynard) and Bridget Smith, dau. of Sir William Smith, Kt of Theydon Mount, Essex, Spinster about 20, father's consent attested by Mr John Atkinson of London, Gent, and Mr William Smith, her brother, at St Botolph, Aldergate," (Ref 73)
Robert Jocelyn (G7), 1622 to 1712, 1st Baronet
Hyde Hall
Hyde Hall
The line descended through Sir Robert (G7) who succeeded at Hyde Hall; the Hearth Tax for 1666 records him being taxed for 13 hearths. (Hyde Hall remained in the Jocelyn family for some 500 years). He married Jane , daughter of Robert Strange and had a family of nine sons and four daughters. He was created 1st Baronet Jocelyn.
Sir Strange Jocelyn (G6), 1651 to 1734, 2nd Baronet
Hyde Hall and the baronetcy passed to his eldest son Sir Strange (G6) (ca 1651 to 03.09.1734), 2nd Baronet. He married Mary Conyers (see above).

Sir Strange Jocelyn was a Non-Conformist in an area that was strongly Quaker in the 17th and 18th centuries. His unorthodox views on religion got him into lively arguments, especially his strong desire to be buried in the local churchyard, after his death, with his favourite horse. Naturally his rather unusual request was turned down by the church authorities and when he eventually died, he was buried with his horse in the grounds of Hyde Hall itself.

From time to time, Sir Strange’s ghost is seen, riding his spectral favourite along the drive leading to his old house.

From The National Archives:

Settlement on the marriage of Strange Jocelyn and Mary Conyers - ref. DE/Z120/44650 - date: 4 May 1685

Contents

Covenant between Sir Robert Jocelyn of Hide Hall, Sawbridgeworth, baronet, and Dame Jane his wife, and Strange Jocelyn, esq, eldest son and heir of the above, 1st, Winifred Conyers, widow of Tristram Conyers late of Walthamstow, Essex, serjeant-at-law, and Mary Conyers, only daughter of the above, 2nd, Sir Charles Gerard of Flamberts, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middx, baronet, John Conyers of Walthamstow, esq, and Gerard Conyers of London, merchant, 3rd, Thomas Gerard of London, merchant, and Richard Bacon of the Middle Temple, London, gent, 4th, for the 1st parties to levy a fine of the manors of Hide Hall, Hertford, and High Rodingbury, Broomshawbury and Newhall Josselyns, Essex, and property in Sawbridgeworth, Little Hallingbury, High Roding, Hatfield Broadoak, Aythorpe Roding, and Canfield, so that Thomas Gerard and Richard Bacon may be tenants in a recovery: Sir Charles Gerard, John Conyers and Gerard Conyers being demandants. The last named are to stand seised of the property in trust.

Signatures. Seals

Sir John Jocelyn (G5), 1689 to 1741, 3rd Baronet
Next came Sir John (G5) (ca 4.10.1689 to 1.11.1741), 3rd Baronet who died unmarried.
Sir Conyers Jocelyn (G5), 1703 to 1778, 4th Baronet
His younger brother Sir Conyers (G5) (19.07.1703 to 24.05.1778), 4th Baronet, succeeded Sir John and also died unmarried.
Robert Jocelyn (G4), ? to ?, 5th Baronet
The line then passed back through the line of their uncle (Sir Robert's third son, Thomas) to Robert (G4), 5th Baronet, in 1788.

In the meantime, the family continued to be associated with the non-conformists; in 1716, Sir Conyers Jocelyn (G5) had Hyde Hall certified as a place for worship by Presbyterians, although this had been abandoned as such by 1772. (Could this have some bearing on the mutilation of the tomb.)

Robert Jocelyn (G5), 1688 to 1756, 1st Viscount (1743)
Robert Jocelyn (G4)
Bust of Robert Jocelyn,
Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.
Sawbridgeworth Church

Jocelyn_House_Tollymore_Park_Co_Down
Jocelyn House at Tollymore Park

This latter line of succession became involved in the Irish political scene; Thomas's son, Robert (G5), (1688-1756) who married Charlotte Anderson, after serving as an M.P., became Lord High Chancellor of Ireland in 1739 and continued to hold that office for seventeen years until his death in 1756. He was created Baron Newport (Ireland) in 1743.

He is commemorated in a fine bust by John Bacon, showing him in his wig and robes, amongst the numerous fine sculptures in Sawbridgeworth Church.

The family owned a number of properties in Ireland, but appear to have been based at Dundalk, Co Louth (where there are still streets named Roden and Jocelyn) and Tollymore, Bryansford (near Newcastle), Co. Down.

The earliest mention of Tollymore was in records dated 1611 when it was stated that the Maginnes family of Upper Iveagh received a grant of 7.5 townlands including the Estate of Tollymore, from James I. This remained in the family until about 1685 when Bryan Maginness died unmarried and his sister Ellen who had married Capt, William Hamilton of Ayrshire inherited the land.

The Hamilton family remained owners of Tollymore until 1798 when a similar chain of events took place.

The great grandson of William Hamilton, James died in 1798 without children and Tollymore was transferred to his sister Anne, who married Robert Jocelyn, 1st Earl of Roden.

The Roden family continued in possession of Tollymore throughout the 19th Century, when in 1930 the late Earl sold part of the Estate to the Ministry of Agriculture for afforestation purposes. The remainder was sold to the Ministry in 1941.

See Tollymore Park.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Jocelyn, Robert, first Viscount Jocelyn (1687/8–1756), lord chancellor of Ireland, was the only son of Thomas Jocelyn and his wife, Anne, daughter of Thomas Bray of Westminster; his grandfather was Sir Robert Jocelyn, bt, of Hyde Hall, Hertfordshire. He was the pupil of an attorney named Salkeld in Brooke Street, Holborn, London, where he made the acquaintance of Philip Yorke, afterwards Lord Hardwicke.

Admitted a student of Gray's Inn in 1709, Jocelyn was called to the Irish bar on 27 January 1719, and at a by-election in September 1725 he was returned, through the influence of his brother-in-law the bishop of Kilmore, to the Irish House of Commons for Granard, co. Longford. He was appointed third serjeant on 28 March 1726, and at the general election in 1727 he was elected for Newtownards, co. Down. On 4 May 1727 he became solicitor-general. On the accession of George II, Jocelyn was confirmed in his office, and on 22 October 1730 he was promoted to the post of attorney-general in the place of Thomas Marlay, who was appointed lord chief baron. On the unexpected resignation of Thomas, Lord Wyndham, Jocelyn, through the influence of his old friend Lord Hardwicke, was appointed lord chancellor (7 September 1739) and took his seat as speaker of the Irish House of Lords at the opening of parliament on 9 October 1739.

When the appointment was made Lord Lieutenant Devonshire pointed out that Jocelyn had not been the first choice among the king's servants in Ireland, and, having asked Hardwicke to request Jocelyn to be especially careful to keep ‘up that harmony in the government which his Majesty's service requires’ and throughout his tenure of office, Jocelyn was always careful to do so (Burns). Nevertheless in 1746 Archbishop Stone, then bishop of Derry, wrote to the new chief secretary, Edward Weston:

my Lord Chancellor will be found always ready to bring his assistance without difficulty upon terms and conditions. There is a jealousy subsisting between these two Princes [speaker and chancellor], which some of their respective friends are constantly endeavouring to cure and others to inflame … It may possibly give you some little amusement but no real trouble. (Walton)

In the inter-parliamentary absences of the lord lieutenant, the primate, the speaker, and the chancellor were usually appointed lords justices, and Jocelyn held this office nine times.

Jocelyn was created Baron Newport of Newport in the county of Tipperary, by letters patent dated 29 November 1743, and on 3 February 1744 he presided as lord high steward at the trial of Nicholas, fifth Viscount Netterville, who was indicted for the murder of Michael Walsh and was honourably acquitted. Described by Lord Chesterfield as ‘a man of great worth’ (Harris, 2.15), Newport possessed an amiable character, and literary and antiquarian tastes; he was president of the Dublin Physico-Historical Society.

Newport was a central if reluctant figure in the money bill dispute of the early 1750s. On 14 January 1754 Primate Stone wrote to the duke of Newcastle that ‘the Chancellor has always before his eyes, change of times, fluctuation of power and retaliation’ (‘The correspondence of Archbishop Stone and the duke of Newcastle’, 735). A few months earlier, in October 1753, the chief secretary, Lord George Sackville, had written: ‘I cannot say enough of the support that my Lord Chancellor has given us on this occasion’ (Stopford-Sackville MSS, 200); at the conclusion of the crisis Newport was created Viscount Jocelyn in the peerage of Ireland, by letters patent dated 6 December 1755. An interesting letter, written by Newport (from Dublin, 2 November 1754) to the duke of Newcastle, calls the duke's attention to ‘the very extraordinary height to which the disputes and animosities here have been unhappily carried’ (BL, Add. MS 32737, fol. 245).

Jocelyn married, first, in 1720, Charlotte, daughter and coheir of Charles Anderson of Worcester; their only son, Robert Jocelyn (1720/21–1797), succeeded his father as second viscount and was created earl of Roden, of High Roding in the county of Tipperary, on 1 December 1771. Charlotte died on 23 February 1747, and on 15 November 1754 Jocelyn married, as his second wife, Frances (d. 1772), daughter of Thomas Claxton of Dublin and widow of Richard Parsons, first earl of Rosse. In September 1756 the great seal was put in commission during Jocelyn's absence from Ireland for the recovery of his health. He never returned, however, and died in London on 3 December 1756, aged sixty-eight, survived by his wife. He was buried in the church at Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire; a marble bust by Bacon was erected in Sawbridgeworth church by his son.

I have some concerns over the accuracy of this article: for example High Roding is in Essex, not Tipperary.
RATHFRYLAND, Tullymore Park, Co. Down. Owned by Jocelyn 1750?, the Earl of Clanbrassil - Thomas Milton, A Collection of ... Views ... Seats ... Ireland. [1790?]. (4)

Donnybrook Castle, DONNYBROOK Dublin. Owned by Sir William Ussher; Christopher Ussher; Thomas Twigg (d. 1702); Sir Francis Stoyte; Robert Jocelyn 1726. Demolished 1759. (4)
Sir Robert Jocelyn (G4), 1731 to 1797, 1st Earl (1771)
Robert succeeded his father as Baron Newport in 1756 (becoming the 2nd Viscount), meanwhile having married Anne, daughter of the Earl of Clanbrassill. At the time of the marriage, it was written:
"The young gentleman has a very good character, and is a very pretty man; the lady much commended for her proper behaviour - genteel but not handsome, and Mr. Jocelyn has preferred her to beauties and to fortunes: it is an agreeable and reasonable match, and I hope it prove a happy one."
(Ref 91)

Robert (G4) was created Earl of Roden in 1771.

He represented Old Leighlin in the Irish House of Commons and served as Auditor-General of Ireland. In 1770 he was created Earl of Roden, of High Roding in the County of Tipperary, in the Peerage of Ireland. In 1770 he also succeeded his first cousin once removed as fifth Baronet of Hyde Hall.

By 1781, the Hyde Hall lands were being largely leased out; at that time, a Mrs. Sarah Jocelyn was paying only about a tenth of the land tax being paid by the major Pishiobury estate in Sawbridgeworth.

From Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Jocelyn, Robert, first earl of Roden (1720/21–1797), landowner and politician, was the son of Robert Jocelyn, first Viscount Jocelyn (1687/8–1756), and his first wife, Charlotte (d. 1747), daughter of Charles Anderson of Worcester. The date of his baptism is usually given as 31 July 1731 but this may be an error for 1721. He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford, on 17 October 1740 ‘aged 19’ (Foster, Alum. Oxon.). He went on to study law at Lincoln's Inn. When he returned to Ireland he entered parliament as MP for Old Leighlin which he represented between 1743 and 1756. In 1750 he was appointed to the office of auditor-general for Ireland, and he held this post until his death. Jocelyn married on 11 December 1752 Anne (1730–1802), daughter of James Hamilton, second earl of Clanbrassil, with whom he had four sons and six daughters.

Jocelyn succeeded to his father's title on 3 December 1756, and became an Irish privy councillor in 1758. On 1 December 1771 he was created earl of Roden, of High Roding, co. Tipperary, a title named after the old family seat in Essex. On 24 May 1778 he succeeded to his cousin Sir Conyers Jocelyn's baronetcy, and to the family's Hertfordshire estates. However, the lands that he inherited from his father were located in co. Tipperary, and it was here and in Dublin that he spent the rest of his life.

Throughout his political career Roden was an unswerving servant of the Dublin Castle administration, and though he returned few MPs his loyalty enabled him to secure a number of valuable offices and sinecures for himself and his adherents. His only brief flirtation with opposition politics came during the spread of volunteering in the late 1770s, when he personally led one of the more conservative local corps.

Though Tipperary politics and society were dominated by the Mathew family, Roden was still an influential figure, and did not restrict himself to tending to his estates. He was involved in a number of linen manufacturing schemes in Newport and was instrumental in the establishment of a charter school in that village, which ultimately failed to instigate any conversions en masse. He died at York Street, Dublin, on 22 June 1797, and was succeeded by his son Robert.

STRADBALLY, Brockley Park, Queens Co. Built by 2nd Viscount Jocelyn. Owned by Robert Jocelyn, 1st Earl of Roden (d. 1797) - Thomas Milton, A Collection of ... Views ... Seats ... Ireland. [1790?]. Bence-Jones, Guide, 1988. T. Milton, Seats of Ireland, 1783-94. (4)
Sir Robert Jocelyn, 1756 to 1820, 2nd Earl (1797)
The succession passed in 1797 to Robert, 2nd Earl. Robert was Auditor General from 1796 to his death at Hyde Hall in 1820 and was elected a Representative Peer in 1800.

He sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dundalk and served as an Irish Representative Peer in the British House of Lords between 1800 and 1820.

In the 1805 "A Record of all Offices of Employments granted by Patent under the Great Seal of Ireland .... from the first day of January 1800 to the 1st day of June 1804 ..." he is recorded as "Earl of Roden and Robert Lord Jocelyn, the office of Auditor General by Patent [a salary of] £1,245 0 0 [in the] Civil List" Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland 1801 - 1922. (Note that there are many (100+) references to the Rodens in this source.)

Robert achieved notoriety in Ireland: (5)
In 1798 the insurgents at Prosperous surrendered having negotiated favourable terms: "... How these terms were kept will long be remembered. Around Gibbet Rath on the Curagh of Kildare, where the assembled insurgents surrendered their arms, having been previously obtained the promise of 'pardon and liberty', they were set upon by Lord Roden, and his mounted 'fencibles', and butchered in cold blood! ..."

...and in 1820, it was reported:
"Robert Jocelyn (2nd Earl Roden, former MP for Dundalk and a leader of the Orange Order) is alleged to have led an attack on Catholic homes in Dundalk. He is struck off the Commission of the Peace and ordered to be brought to trial, but flees to Edinburgh, where he dies suddenly on 29 June."

The family continued to occupy Hyde Hall and their other properties in England & Ireland and also successively held the position of Auditor General in Ireland.

The 3rd son of Robert, namely Aug. Geo. Fred., was a founder of the A & N Club and the Salisbury Club

From Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Jocelyn, Percy (1764–1843), bishop of Clogher, was the third son of Robert Jocelyn, first earl of Roden (1720/21–1797), and Anne, daughter of James, earl of Clanbrassil. He was born in Dublin on 29 November 1764; he entered Trinity College, Dublin, in October 1781, and graduated BA in 1785. After being ordained he became rector of Tamlaght, in the diocese of Armagh, and in 1787 treasurer of Cork Cathedral. Subsequently he received the following appointments in succession: the archdeaconry of Ross (1788–90), the treasurership of Armagh (1790–1809), and a prebend of Lismore (1796–1809). In 1809 he was appointed bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, and in 1820 bishop of Clogher.

Two years later he was deprived of his see by an ecclesiastical court consisting of four Irish bishops, held at Armagh. This was as a result of his being caught in a homosexual act with a guardsman in a London public house on 19 July 1822. He appeared in court the next day and was let out on bail of £1000. The incident sparked extensive newspaper attention especially in the ‘gutter’ press. A mass of tracts and graphic cartoons were soon published about the affair and further exposés of clerical vice and crime quickly followed. Jocelyn was never convicted, however, and was allowed to escape without trial, although his notoriety seriously embarrassed the government and shocked the Church of Ireland. After the scandal he moved to Scotland and worked as a butler under the assumed name of Thomas Wilson. He died in Edinburgh on 3 September 1843 and was buried on the same day in the new cemetery in the city.

The Newry Commercial Telegraph, Newry, Co Armagh and Co Down, January 29, 1828

Died

On Monday morning, the 21st instant, at his seat Fair Hill, near Dundalk, in the 60th year of his age, after a long and lingering decline, which he bore with true Christian resignation, the Honorable JOHN JOCELYN, youngest brother to the late (2nd), and uncle to the present (3rd), Earl of Roden. He lived beloved by all, and died deservedly lamented. Mr. Jocelyn served many years in the Irish Parliament for the Borough of Dundalk ; and several years in the Imperial Parliament for the County of Louth, until ill health prevented his attendance, and caused his resignation. His remains were deposited in the family vault, on Thursday morning, in the Church of St. Nicholas.

In 1820, Percy the Bishop of Clogher,the brother of Robert the 2nd Earl, achieved some notoriety and disappeared from society (2). After this it would appear that he returned to his family in Co. Down and led a quiet life there. Clogher's Last Will and Testament (the last codicil to which is dated July 1840; he died in 1843) left most of his fairly large estate to his sisters, but also a dozen bequests to named individuals ranging from 100 pounds to 2200 pounds, notably 300 pounds "to my good friend and relation The Reverend James Hill Poe of Nenagh (north of Limerick) ... as token of Remembrance for all the Kindness and attention which my beloved sisters and myself have uniformly experienced from him for many years past during a period of extreme calamity and misfortune."

He was also careful to leave money not only to several of his favourite servants, but to the eldest sons of his servants, to set themselves up in business. And to all his servants he left half a year's wages.

An interesting feature of the Will is the following clause: "I desire and request that my remains may be committed to the Grave in the most private manner at a very early hour in the morning and that no Publicity whatsoever may attend my funeral, also that no name be inscribed on my Coffin and my age. And I desire no publication of my death to be inserted in any public paper."

Some years ago, the Jocelyn family vault at Kilcoo Parish Church in Bryansford, Co. Down was opened for structural repairs to the church, and it was discovered that it contained one more coffin than the number of grave markers would indicate, and that the extra coffin was unmarked. The family concluded that this is the grave of the Bishop of Clogher.

Sir Robert Jocelyn (G2), 1788 to 1870, 3rd Earl (1820)
The succession then passed to Robert (G2)(1788-1870), son of the 2nd Earl. Born 27 October 1788 Brockley Park, Queen's county, married Hon. Maria Frances Catherine Stapleton 9 January 1813 St.George's, Hanover Square and died 20 March 1870 Edinburgh.

The third Earl, represented County Louth in the British House of Commons and was Auditor-General of the Exchequer in Ireland. In 1821 he was created Baron Clanbrassil, of Hyde Hall in the County of Hertford, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him and his descendants an automatic seat in the House of Lords.

Robert was Auditor General from 1820 to 1822 at which time the office was abolished and he was awarded an annual pension of £2,700.

The Compendium of Irish Biography describes him thus:

Jocelyn, Robert, Earl of Roden, a distinguished Orangeman, was born 27th October 1788. His great-grandfather, Robert Jocelyn, Lord-Chancellor of Ireland, was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Jocelyn, in 1755, while his grandfather was created Earl of Roden in 1771. He succeeded to the title and estates in Herts and Louth, in 1820. Lord Roden was created a peer of the United Kingdom as Baron Clanbrassil, in 1821. As member of Parliament for Dundalk, and afterwards in the House of Lords, he was the unswerving advocate of Conservative principles -trusted and honoured by his party, and beloved by the members of the Orange Association, which he joined at an early age, and of which he was Grand Master. He was deprived of the commission of the peace and other county honours on account of his strong party bias. He took a prominent part at most of the great Protestant and Conservative gatherings in the north of Ireland in his lifetime, and was strong in his opposition to O'Connell and his policy during one of the stormiest political periods of Irish history. His addresses are said to have been characterized by "prudent wisdom and Christian kindness.. he was a model Orangeman." Lord Roden died at Edinburgh (whither he had gone some months previously for the benefit his health) on the 20th March 1870, aged 81.

As the result of an affray in 1849 (opposite) between Catholics and Orangemen in which a number of lives were lost, he was censured by a committee of enquiry set up to examine the affair and deprived of his position on the commission of the peace. He was an ardent Protestant, having been described in 1834 as: "bigoted, obstinate, and virtuous moreover".

Another diarist writes:

"Morally no less than physically he was one of the noblest among many noble specimens of the Irish aristocracy; his lofty stature, stalwart frame, and countenance beaming with honesty, courage and generosity, rather than with intellectual power, marking him out for influential if not commanding ascendancy....... But nowhere was he more at home, - for both he and his excellent lady had become very religious, - than when presiding at his chapel and teaching in his Sunday-school."

Yet another wrote:

"An atmosphere of stern and uncompromising piety brooded over the house; the Sabbath was strictly kept. Lady Roden, the daughter of Lord le Despencer, still magnificently beautiful, gathered the young maid servants round her to read the scriptures on Sunday afternoons."

Robert Jocelyn (G2) (1816-1854), the eldest son, served in the Chinese expedition in 1840. In 1841 he married Frances Elizabeth Cowper, a train-bearer "then in the full bloom of her beauty" at the Coronation of the Queen.

He was appointed Lieut. Col. Commandant of the east Sussex (or Essex?) Militia; when in 1854, the regiment was quartered in the Tower of London, for some time the soldiers had been suffering apparently as a result of the unhealthy conditions there. To allay fears about the conditions, he volunteered to sleep there with them; two soldiers died of cholera and on his return to his residence at Kew, he was himself taken very ill, necessitating him to drive instead to Lord Palmerston's House in Carlton Gardens, where he died of cholera, aged 38. He was buried at Sawbridgeworth. See note 6.

From Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Jocelyn, Robert, third earl of Roden (1788–1870), politician and religious leader, was born at Brockley Park, Queen's county, Ireland, on 27 October 1788, the eldest son of Robert Jocelyn, second earl of Roden (d. 1820), and his wife, Frances Theodosia, eldest daughter of Robert Bligh, dean of Elphin. He was educated at Harrow School between 1801 and 1805. In 1806 he was returned as MP for co. Louth. He was still a minor, however, and in the event the seat was taken over by his uncle until 1810, at which date Viscount Jocelyn, as he was styled during his father's lifetime, took the seat in the Commons and served there until his father's death in 1820 elevated him to the peerage as third earl of Roden. He showed strong tory views, and regularly voted against Roman Catholic relief.

Jocelyn married on 9 January 1813 Maria Frances Catherine Stapleton (1794–1861), second daughter of Thomas Stapleton, Lord le Despencer; they were to have three sons and three daughters. Both he and his wife became staunch adherents of the evangelical movement in the Church of Ireland, and their home at Tollymore Park, co. Down, was run on strongly spiritual lines, with the earl himself regularly leading services in his private chapel and teaching in Sunday schools on his estates. Tollymore became something of a haven for Roden's co-religionists, while its owner took a prominent role in the network of societies which promoted the ‘second Reformation’ in Ireland. He saw his devotional and religious life as the mainspring of his political endeavours. His faith was also reflected in his conscientiousness as a landlord, which inspired affection among his Roman Catholic as well as his protestant tenants. He was a vigorous critic of absentee Irish proprietors.

In the meantime Roden held several appointments in the royal household, as treasurer in 1812, vice-chamberlain from 1812 to 1821, and a lord of the bedchamber from 1828 to 1831. Despite his piety, he got on well with George IV, who at his coronation in 1821 created him Baron Clanbrassill in the peerage of the United Kingdom, thereby giving him an automatic seat in the House of Lords. Roden was auditor-general of the exchequer in Ireland from 1820 to 1822, when the office was abolished, leaving him with a handsome pension for life. He was custos rotulorum for co. Louth from 1820 to 1849, and a member of both the English and Irish privy councils.

In the Lords, Roden became a leader of the Irish tory peers, a position which was confirmed by his election in 1831 as president of the Irish Protestant Conservative Society. During the 1830s he played a central role in mobilizing protestant opinion on both sides of the Irish Sea to defend the Church of Ireland, notably through great public meetings in 1834 and 1837, and was instrumental in the Conservative leadership's maintenance of a robustly anti-Catholic stance. In 1834 Peel offered him the post of lord steward of the household, but he turned it down in order to preserve his independence of action.

After their accession to power in 1841 Peel and Wellington found it less necessary to cultivate the Irish protestant lobby, and Roden's influence waned. In 1849 he was accused of partiality in dealing with an Orange procession at Dolly's Brae in co. Down, which led to an affray with Roman Catholics and consequent fatalities. Roden firmly defended the integrity of his conduct, but the whig government nevertheless dismissed him from the commission of the peace. Despite this indignity, Roden's commitment to the protestant cause remained intense. He took a strong interest in the conditions of protestants on the continent, having visited Piedmont in 1844. He led a delegation to Florence in 1852 to urge the release of Francesco and Rosa Madiai, imprisoned by the Tuscan government for holding a protestant religious meeting in their home. In Ireland he was grand master of the Orange order, and was a steadfast opponent of the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland.

Lady Roden died in 1861, and on 16 August 1862 Roden married Clementine Janet (d. 1903), daughter of Thomas Andrewes of Greenknowes, Dumfriesshire, and widow of Captain Robert Lushington Reilly of Scarvagh, co. Down; there were no children from this marriage. Roden became very infirm at the end of his life, died in Edinburgh on 20 March 1870, and was interred on 29 March in the family vault at Bryansford, co. Down.

Roden was well over 6 feet tall, and in his prime had a commanding and energetic presence with a fluent oratorical style. He was especially effective in addressing Irish protestant audiences, for he well knew ‘how to call to his aid every feeling and recollection dear to their inmost souls’ (Random Recollections of Exeter Hall, 31–6). Although by the time of his death the political and religious creed he espoused could be dismissed as ‘somewhat narrow and antiquated’ (The Times), he was nevertheless an effective ambassador for his beliefs, with a fearless consistency which commanded respect even from his opponents.

ROBERT JOCELYN
(1788 - 1870) of 'Dolly's Brae' fame

Third Earl of Roden. MP for Dundalk 1810-20, then succeeded his father as earl. Created peer of United Kingdom and knight of St Patrick 1821. Became grand master of the Orange Society. On 12 July 1849 the local Orangemen gathered to celebrate the Battle of the Boyne. They paraded through a Catholic district, Dolly's Brae, near Castlewellan, County Down, and were then entertained by Roden on his grounds at Tullymore Park. Troops and dragoons had been despatched to the area, and these escorted the Orangemen on their return, which they chose to make again through the 'Brae'.

In an encounter with a gathering of Catholics, including armed Ribbonmen, six or seven Catholics were killed, many were wounded, and the Orangemen set fire to their houses. One or two Orangemen were wounded seriously. A commission was set up to investigate the affair: Roden was censured and dismissed from the magistracy. He died in Edinburgh, 20 March 1870.

Source: A Dictionary of Irish Biography, Henry Boylan (ed.), Gill & Macmillan, Dublin, 1998.

BRYANSFORD, Tollymore Park, Co. Down. Built by James Hamilton, Viscount Limerick, 1st Earl Clanbrassil. Enlarged 1787. Passed to Jocelyn family ca. 1850. ref M. Bence-Jones, A Guide to Irish Country Houses, London, 1988. (4)

The Jocelyn's involvement in politics appears to have been unpopular with the Irish population. Probably referring to the 3rd Earl, this election ballad from the 1800s appeals to the voters to support O'Reilly over the over the opposing 'Roden' party.

Liberty's Battle

Come bravest men let's voice freedom,
Ours is a glorious cause,
Remember your were captives bleeding
Under bloody penal laws.

Chorus.'
Vive Ia, you brave Electors,
Do your duty manfully,
O'Reilly ably will protect
Vive Ia you must be free.

Now's the time you long have wished for
Now ends your long captivity
Come arouse, you can't be crushed, for
Break your bonds, and you'll be free.

The Jocelyn Saints long oppressed you
Chase them with disgrace away,
Don't kiss the hand that has distressed you
Come rouse and you will get fair play.

Don't sell your country and religion,
To the men who'd butcher you,
Chapel ground they would not give you
The bloody swaddler we'll subdue.

Here's to O'Reilly now or never
He'll pull the bloody peelers down,
He'll make the stall fed parsons shiver,
And chase oppression from the town.

Roden now may preach sedition,
To his yellow-belly clan
Our King won't give him his permission
For William's a liberal worthy man.
Sir Robert Jocelyn (G0), 1846 to 1880, 4th Earl (1870)
Having pre-deceased his father, the Earldom in due course passed to his son Robert who became 4th Earl. He died unmarried at the age of 33.

There is a caricature of Robert in the National Portrait Gallery. NPG 4738: Robert Jocelyn, 4th Earl of Roden by Sir Leslie Ward. Published in Vanity Fair 20 May 1876.

The fourth Earl served in the second Conservative administration of Benjamin Disraeli as a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) from 1874 to 1880.

John Strange Jocelyn, 1823 to 1897, 5th Earl (1880)
John Strange Jocelyn (G1)
John Strange Jocelyn, 5th Earl of Roden
Commemorative Plaque, Sawbridgeworth Church

John Strange Jocelyn, 5th Earl
Sir John Strange Jocelyn, 5th Earl
Portrait (National Portrait Gallery)

Grave of Sir John Strange Jocelyn
Grave of Sir John Strange Jocelyn
at Hyde Hall (courtesey Wendy Corbet Kelly)
The Earldom passed back to this Robert's uncle, John Strange Jocelyn, 5th Earl, who died in 1897 without an heir. When he died the barony of Clanbrassil became extinct.

In 1883, the family estates comprised 8903 acres in co. Down, 4151 acres in co. Louth, 1134 acres in Essex and 408 acres in Herts; in total 14,596 acres.

It has been long rumored that John Strange Spencer Churchill, younger son of Lord Randolph Spencer Churchill and Jennie Jerome (and brother of Winston Churchill) was the son of Col. John Strange Jocelyn. This seems unlikely, given the similarity of names, which would seem a bit obvious under the circumstances.

William Henry Jocelyn (G1), 1842 to 1910, 6th Earl (1897)
The title then passed to his cousin, Wm Henry (G1) (1842 to 1910), 6th Earl. He was married to Elinor Jessie Parr, second daughter of J C Parr, in 1905. They lived at of Tullymore Park, Bryansford, co. Down.
Robert Julian Order Jocelyn (G1), 1845 to 1915, 7th Earl (1910)
It then passed to William's brother Robert Julian Orde Jocelyn (G1) (1845 to 1915), 7th Earl.
Robert Soame Jocelyn (G0), 1883 to 1956, 8th Earl (1915)
Following this, the earldom passed to the eldest son Robert Soame Jocelyn (G0) (1883-1956), 8th Earl.
Robert William Jocelyn (G-1), 1909 to 1993, 9th Earl (1956)
On the death of the 8th Earl, the title passed to his eldest son, Robert William. How better to describe his life than quoting from his Obituary in The Times, 25th October 1993.

The Times Obituary, 25th October 1993.
Captain Robert William Jocelyn RN, ninth Earl of Roden, a destroyer captain in the second world war, died on October18 aged 83. He was born on December 4th 1909.

BILL RODEN was a professional naval officer who sailed the high seas with distinction and was mentioned three times in dispatches during the war. He fought in the Battle of the Atlantic, served with the convoys to Murmansk, supported the allied landings in North Africa and Sicily and took part in operations off Madagascar and in the Far East.

Yet the public might best remember him as the victim of a savage attack three years ago when masked raiders broke into his Ulster home. After tying up the 80-year-old earl, they ransacked the house before escaping with an estimated £1 million worth of valuables, triggering an international police search.

Roden was born Viscount Jocelyn at Tollymore Park in co Down, elder son of the eighth earl whose ancestors came with the Normans from a château in Brittany. The first Jocelyn to cross the Channel was made a saint for founding the Gilbertines monastic order, while a later forebear, the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, became the first earl in 1771.

Young Bill went to Dartmouth at the age of 13 and served as a midshipman in the Dreadnought battleship Iron Duke, flagship of the Grand Fleet during the first world war. Much of his subsequent career, however, was to be spent in destroyers, including HMS Achates, Panther and Quality, which he captained in the second world war. He saw the sinking of HMS Hood from the bridge of Achates and took part in the hunt for the Bismarck, which had sunk her. Then in July 1941 he was mentioned in dispatches for the first time after Achates struck a mine off the coast of Iceland and was blown apart with heavy loss of life. Lieutenant-Commander Viscount Jocelyn was highly praised for the skill and seamanship he displayed in guiding what remained the warship undertow into harbour. But his name was to be most closely identified with his next ship, HMS Panther, which he took over at commissioning in December 1941. A fast, general-purpose destroyer, the Panther served in almost every theatre of the war, including the Mediterranean.

There, in late 1942, Jocelyn was mentioned in dispatches again when of the Panther rescued as many as 1700 men from the troopship Strathallan, which had been torpedoed off the coast of Algeria. In October of the following year, however, Panther was sunk off Rhodes by Stuka dive-bombers. She had slowed down to help the stricken cruiser Carlisle. only to be caught herself by the second wave of Stukas. One bomb went straight down a funnel, exploding on the keel and tearing the destroyer in two with the toss of 35 men.

Jocelyn helped to save a number of sailors in the water before being picked up himself by a Greek ship. The Times next day carried a report that Jocelyn was safe. He then moved to command the new escort HMS Quality and served in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific, earning his third "dispatches" off Okinawa.

Continuing in the Navy after the war, Lord Roden (he succeeded his father in 1956) became chief of staff to the flag officer Scotland, then commanded the depot on Malta before retiring as a senior captain in 1960.

He returned to Northern Ireland, not to Tollymore Park which his father had sold during the war, but to another house in Bryansford, Co. Down. There he settled into the life of the community, becoming involved with the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, the Boy Scouts, his local church and later to some extent the Alliance party. He was also made a deputy lieutenant for Co. Down.

Roden was a skilled carpenter and craftsman who built his own sailing dingies and model boats. He even took his hobby to sea with him, turning his cabin into a joiner's shop. Together with his penchant for dressing down whenever his ship reached port - wandering off looking more like a tramp than a naval earl - this won him a reputation for eccentricity.

In retirement, on finding no chimney sweep left in Bryansford. he invested in a set of his own brushes and cleaned not only his own chimneys but those of his friends without charge. He was known not only for his kindness but his fairmindedness. When Panther was based at Londonderry, on escort duties with the transatlantic convoys, he was given leave to visit his wife and new-born son. But on hearing that one of his sailors had just had a similar request turned down, he refused to go. His reward was that he captained a happy ship.

Despite his love of the sea, it did not always treat him kindly. His younger brother died in the battleship Barham during the war, a midshipman aged 17. Then in 1991 his own second son went missing in his yacht off the coast of Rhodes and has never been found. By tragic coincidence, it was 50 miles away from where the Panther went down. Roden's wife Clodagh, the daughter of a prominent Irish horse breeder Edward Kennedy, died in 1989, two years after celebrating their golden wedding. A supremely fit man himself who once loved walking through the Mountains of Mourne, Roden suffered a stroke nine months after the raid on his house and never fully recovered.

He leaves two surviving sons. the elder of whom represented his father earlier this month at a reunion of the survivors of the Panther, on the 50th anniversary of its loss. He now succeeds to the title as the 10th Earl of Roden.

Robert John Jocelyn (G-2), b 1938, 10th Earl (1993)
The current Earl.
Notes & References
  1. The Earls of Roden

    The title of Earl of Roden was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1771. The Earl holds the subsidiary titles of Viscount Jocelyn (1755) and Baron Newport (1743) in the Peerage of Ireland, and is an English baronet (1665).

    Viscounts Jocelyn (1755)

    • Robert Jocelyn, 1st Viscount Jocelyn (1688-1756)
    • Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Viscount Jocelyn (1731-1797) (became 1st Earl of Roden in 1771)

    Earls of Roden (1771)

    • Robert Jocelyn, 1st Earl of Roden (1731-1797)
    • Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Earl of Roden (1756-1820), elected a Representative Peer in 1800
    • Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden (1788-1870)
    • Robert Jocelyn, 4th Earl of Roden (1846-1880)
    • John Strange Jocelyn, 5th Earl of Roden (1823-1897)
    • William Henry Jocelyn, 6th Earl of Roden (1842-1910)
    • Robert Julian Orde Jocelyn, 7th Earl of Roden (1845-1915)
    • Robert Soame Jocelyn, 8th Earl of Roden (1883-1956), elected a Representative Peer in 1919
    • Robert William Jocelyn, 9th Earl of Roden (1909-1993)
    • Robert John Jocelyn, 10th Earl of Roden (b. 1938)

    From " http://www.irelandinformationguide.com/Earl_of_Roden"

  2. Based on Vol 2, Ch 2 of the research of John Hallum
  3. Percy Jocelyn (1764 - 1843), the third son of the first Earl and brother to Robert the senond Earl, also had a somewhat notorious history:
    He took his BA degree at Trinity College, Dublin, and was ordained in the Anglican Church of Ireland. He remained unmarried. After a series of comfortable church appointments, in 1809 he was appointed Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin. In 1811 in Dublin he was accused by a servant of attempting to obtain sex. Jocelyn denied the accusation, charged the servant with criminal libel and won his case.

    In 1820 he was appointed Lord Bishop of Clogher in Ireland. On 19 July 1822 Jocelyn, on a vist to London, was apprehended in the back room of an alehouse in Westminster with his trousers down, in the company of the Guardsman John Moverley.

    Although dressed as a clergyman, he refused to reveal his identity, although this was soon revealed. The news of the bishop's arrest caused an immediate sensation in London's clubs and coffee houses. Clogher and his soldier pick-up were released on bail paid by the Earl of Roden and others.

    When both Jocelyn and Moverley failed to appear in court the process was begun to deprive him of his ecclesiastical office. There is reason to believe that the government, rather than to have a bishop found guilty of the crime of sodomy, was willing to let him escape.

    As expected, Jocelyn broke bail and fled to Scotland then went to Paris after extracting as much money etc. from the Episcopal Palace in Ireland as he could and then disappeared, and Moverley also disappeared. It seems that Jocelyn changed his name to Thomas Wilson and found private employement as a butler. He died in obscurity in Edinburgh. {This latter story is disputed in some websites and it seems likely that he lived quietly with his family}.

    This extract is from the PRONI website on the Clogher Church of Ireland diocesan records. It is an interesting insight into the influence of the nobility at the time:
    "The archive is silent about the most extraordinary event in the 19th century history of the diocese, the deposition of Percy Jocelyn, Bishop of Clogher, 1820-1822. The relevant papers, in the Armagh Diocesan Registry Archive have recently been released from closure, from the initial interdict of Primate Beresford in 1822 (see DIO/4/25/ 1/1-107). This case was a sensation at the time, as it would be even now. Bishop Percy Jocelyn, third son of the lst Earl of Roden, was caught in a compromising position with a guardsman at the White Hart public house in Westminster on 19 July 1822. The Home Office archive contains pertinent correspondence (of which PRONI's copy bears reference MIC/224/112), involving the Lord Lieutenant (the Marquess Wellesley), the Archbishop of Armagh (the recently appointed Lord John George Beresford), the 3rd Earl of Roden and others on the Jocelyn affair. Jocelyn had been raised to the episcopacy through political influence: paradoxically, so had Primate Beresford. But the latter was a man of very different stamp, and the Jocelyn affair strengthened his hand in enforcing higher standards and instituting reforms of abuses brought about by lax and worldly clerics."
    A search on the web for "Percy Jocelyn" Bishop will come up with a number of interesting web sites on Percy.
    Confirmation or the bishop and the soldier
    A Correct Account of the Horrible Occurrence which took place at a
    public-house in St. James:s Market, in which it was discovered that
    the Right Rev. ... the Bishop of Clogher... was a principal actor
    with a common soldier!, etc.

    J. L. Marks: London, 1822
    © The British Library Board

  4. John Foxe's Book of Martyrs (reference thanks to Wendy Corbett Kelley)
  5. The Country House Database
  6. The Story of the Irish Race, Seumas MacManus
  7. The Gentleman's Magazine, July 1854, pp 297-299 (Google Books):
    Obituary Lord Viscount Jocelyn.

    Aug. 12 . In Carlton-gardens, at the house of his step-father-in-law Lord Viscount Palmerston, aged 38, the Right Hon. Robert Jocelyn, Lord Viscount Jocelyn, M.P. for King's Lynn, and Lieut.Colonel Commandant of the Essex Rifles regiment of militia.

    His Lordship was born in Pall Mall, on the 20th Feb. 1816, the eldest eon of Robert third and present Earl of Roden, K.P. by the Hon. Maria Frances Catharine Stapleton, second daughter of Thomas 22d Lord Despenser. He was in his early years an officer in the Rifle Brigade, and accompanied the expedition to China in 1842 on the staff of Lord Saltoun, as Military Secretary. The result of his observations in that country were published in a very agreeable volume entitled "Six Months in China."

    At the general election of 1841 Lord Jocelyn was one of the four candidates for Leeds, none of whom had previously sat for that borough. The poll terminated at follows:
    Wm. Beckett, esq. (Conserv.) 2076
    Wm. Aldam, jun. esq. (Lib.) 2043
    Joseph Ilame, req. (Lib.) 2033
    Viscount Jocelyn (Conserv.) 1926

    In Feb. 1842, on the vacancy occasioned by the present Lord Stratford de RedcIiff becoming ambassador at Constantinople, Lord Jocelyn was elected, without opposition, one of the members for Lynn, as the colleague of Lord George Bentinck; and they were re-elected in 1847 without opposition. At the election of 1852 he was again returned, and at the head of the poll, which terminated in favour of the former members (Lord Stanley having succeeded Lord George Bentinck in 1848).
    Viscount Jocelyn 641
    Lord Stanley 559
    Robert Pashley, esq 390

    Lord Jocelyn was in politics a Liberal Conservative, in favour of free trade, and In his own words "a firm friend to religious toleration," but anxious "steadily to maintain the Protestant principles upon which the institutions of the country are based".

    During the latter part of Sir Robert Peel's administration he was one of the Secretaries of the Board of Control from Feb. 1845 to July 1846. It was said that, a day or two before the break up of the Derby administration, he again accepted office, as Secretary at War, in the room of Major Beresford, in reference to whose electioneering transactions a committee of the House of Commons had reported in terms which rendered his resignation necessary. The retirement of the Derby administration prevented Lord Jocelyn's actual appointment.

    Lord Jocelyn was appointed Lieut.Colonel commandant of the East Essex Militia in 1953. That regiment has been recently quartered in the Tower of London, and for some time past diarrhea has prevailed among the men to such an extent as to occasion no small degree of alarm. With the view of allaying by his example the fear, which they entertained respectint the unhealthiness of the locality Lord Jocelyn resolved to sleep In the fortress until the cessation of the uneasiness. He slept accordingly in the Tower on the night, of Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, on which latter day two privates, who had died of decided Asiatic cholera, were buried. His lordship was, in general, very punctual and diligent in the performance of his duties as commanding officer of his regiment, and to this favourite occupation he had latterly devoted much of his time. On Friday morning he was thus engaged, and on that morning, for the first time he found himself indisposed, but not so much so as to create uneasiness either on his own mind or on that of the medical officer, whom he consulted, and who prescribed as for an ordinary attack of diarrhea. After taking the medicine ordered by that gentleman, Lord Jocelyn left the Tower on foot, about twelve o'clock, for his residence at Kew. He walked through the City, but finding himself seriously ill, he called a cab, and desired to be driven to Lord Palmerston's house in Carlton- gardens. On arriving there he became rapidly worse, and death ensued at half-past one o'clock on Saturday morning. It is further stated that his lordship had been imprudent in his choice of food previous to his illness.

    The following official communication has boon addressed by the Commander-in-Chief of the Army to the commanding-officer of the Essex Rifles:-
    "CIRCULAR MEMORANDUM" The Essex Rifle Regiment having received orders to move from the Tower to Canterbury the General Commanding-ln-Chief desires to express to the commanding officer, the officers and men hIs entire satisfaction with their very exemplary conduct during the time they have performed the garrison duties of the Tower. They have shown all the steadiness of well-disciplined soldiers, and their progress In field evolutions proved the very able manner in which they has been trained by their late commanding officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Viscount Jocelyn, whose death, under the will of Providence, is to be traced to the ardent zeal with which he never ceased to attend to the interests of his men, and especially it a moment when, suffering himself from illness, their health had become a subject of the greatest anxiety to him.

    "The General Commanding-in-Chief deeply Iaments the loss, which the Militia service has sustained by Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Jocelyn's death and he consoles with the Essex Rifle Militia on losing a commanding officer who had so entirely gained their attachment by his attention to their welfare, and their confidence by his professional abilities.-by command of Lord Hardinge.
    "G. A. WETHERALL, Adj.-Gen. "
    "Horse Guards, Aug. 12."

    Lord Jocelyn married, on the 27th April 1841, Lady Frances Elizabeth Cowper, second daughter of the late Earl Cowper by Emily-Mary now Viscountess Palmerston and by her Ladyship, who is a Lady of her Majesty's Bedchamber, he had issue two sons and three daughters, of whom all but the eldest (who was Her Majesty's goddaughter) survives him. His eldest son, Robert now Viscount Jocelyn, was born in 1846.

    Lord Jocelyn's body was conveyed to Sawbridgeworth In Hertfordshire for Interment.

  8. The Irish Times Wednesday, June 28, 2006

    Lord Roden to sell freehold of Dundalk

    FreeholdSale
    The Roden estate is selling its rights in Dundalk to include ground rents, mineral and other rights, leases, and manorial rights. There's even some capital value from an uncertain number of small sites around the town and portions of waste-ground which have never been leased. Rose Doyle reports

    It will be an historic sale - not to mention an interesting and bizarre one - when the freehold of the town of Dundalk goes for sale by public tender on July 21st.

    The town's new owner will have rights to its ground rents, to mineral and other rights, to title documents, leases, maps which include a large and valuable 18th century estate map, and to manorial rights.

    The not-unimportant last will give the owner the right to call their home, modest or otherwise, the manor of Dundalk. There is even, according to auctioneer Anthony McArdle of McArdle and Son, Dundalk, "some capital value involved".

    This last would come from the collection of active ground rents, in the region of 100 in number and payable by such as homeowners and a number of breweries, and an uncertain number of small sites around the town, portions of waste-ground which have never been leased.

    All is at the moment part of the Roden estate, itself an interesting job lot in the ownership of the 9th heir to Lord Roden.

    Dundalk's ownership story began in the 16th century when King Charles II of England gave the town to Lord Dungannon. Dungannon, in the following century, sold to Lord Limerick, the Earl of Clanbrassil and the man responsible for developing much of the town. Later in that 17th century the property passed on to Lord and Lady Roden.

    It has remained with the Roden estate ever since, passing from one generation to the next. The present Lord and Lady Roden are trustees of the estate, live in Galway, and want to dispose of their assets in the estate.

    Anthony McArdle, with some understatement, admits that a sale like this one is unusual. "It's a curiosity and there's no AMV; the highest tender will secure. There are definitely about three-to-four small sites vacant in the town, yards and such which could be used for construction purposes. The market rights are another part of the sale, though of indeterminate worth. Ground rents are payable yearly, some residential houses paying about €3 per year and larger sites used by breweries, like Harp Larger on Carrick Road and the former site of McArdle Moore, paying more. All of these ground rents can be bought out by those renting at any time."

    McArdle points out that Don McDonagh of McDonagh Matthews and Breen, on Distillery Lane, Dundalk has "boxes and boxes of title documents, including Ordnance Survey maps of the Roden estate, available for inspection - though not the estate map which is too valuable to have on public display."

    Prospective purchasers are advised by McArdle to carry out "a meticulous inspection and satisfy themselves as to what they're getting. It could make money for someone, depending on what's established. We have lots of historical and archaeological experts expressing interest."

    © 2006 The Irish Times