The Lay Family
The Lay family; their origins and achievements, 1600 to 1920

It is difficult to imagine the development of the Josselyn family at Lt Horkesley without considering the connections with the Lay family.

Records show a marriage of John Joslin and Elizabeth Lay at Coggeshall in 1635.

Later on from this marriage, some five generations (of which four were successive) of the Lays married with five generations of Josselyn (of which again four were successive), namely:

The Lay family was well established in the area, particularly in Gt. Tey but also throughout the region, owning considerable farming estates.

From the Lay family documents deposited in the ERO at Colchester, it is possible to construct a family pedigree, although the repeated use of the favoured family Christian names amongst the various lines of the family makes one proceed with some caution. There is ample room for further research to link up the various branches of the Lay family.

In 1650 John Lay of Westbury (?), Wiltshire married Elizabeth Husbands of Lt Horkesley; their son John married Sarah Josselyn, as listed above.

Besides their son John (of Tey Brook) through whom the line descended, it is probable that they had a daughter Elizabeth who married W. Harrington. (Two generations later, another Elizabeth Lay married a Harrington!)

John Lay of Westbury
= Elizabeth Husbands of Lt Horkesley
John, of Tey Brooke (Gt Tey)
= 1681 Sarah Josselyn
= W Harrington
John Lay = Ann Goodall

John Lay married Ann Goodall, daughter of John Goodall and Mary (Copping); bringing further land and property into the line. The Goodalls were resident at Boxted Hall from the mid 1600's, probably earlier. The Lay-Goodall union brought forth two sons and five daughters.

John Lay
= Ann Goodall
= Eliz Josselyn
= Eliz Mayhew
= .. Harrington
= Wm Sadler
= Wm Bawtree
= John Pearson
= James Josselyn

All their issue married and (with the possible exception of John and Elizabeth) themselves had issue.

Of the sons, the eldest John married Elizabeth Josselyn; it would appear from the will of this John that they either had no offspring or that any children would have died young.

The daughters married into the families of Harrington, Sadler, Bawtree, Pearson and, as previously mentioned, Josselyn; all of these and their families were beneficiaries under the will of their brother John (proved 1817) who left a considerable estate and property in many of the local villages.

The second son Mark married Elizabeth Mayhew and had a family of two sons (of whom the elder (?) son Mark, born 1783, died aged 2yrs) and two daughters. Their three surviving children all married and had issue.

Mark Lay
= c1870 Elizabeth Mayhew
Mark (d infant) John Goodall
= Mary White
= 1810 Thomas Hallum
Mary Anne
=1815 John Josselyn
Issue John Thomas Lay Hallum Issue (see Josselyn)

Both Mark Lay and his wife died fairly young; Mark aged 33 and Elizabeth only 47 years old. Mark and Elizabeth are buried at Lt Horkesley alongside the grave of their young son.

Of their children, Elizabeth married Thomas Hallum, farmer, of nearby Wormingford Grove, at Gt. Maplestead, Essex in 1810; the outline of my attempts to confirm the details of the marriage, together with the continuation of this line, are given in Volume 1, Chapter 9 and subsequent chapters.

In that chapter, I raise the issue of why Gt Maplestead. Elizabeth had by that time lost both her parents; could it be that her maternal grandparents (or an aunt) were from that village? One of the witnesses to the marriage was John Freeborn; Gt. Maplestead churchyard has an impressive tomb of a John Freeborn who died in 1815!

Mary Anne, as mentioned above, married in 1815 John Josselyn (G3); their continuing story is covered in the following chapter of this volume.

It was through Mark and Elizabeth's surviving son John Goodall Lay that the Lay presence continued although, as we shall see, not to the extent we might at first have expected..

John Goodall Lay married Mary White and by her had issue four sons and six daughters.

John Goodall Lay (d1868 at Gt Tey)
= Mary White
Eliz Margt
(1811- )
= ?
John Watson
= Rachel Overton
no issue
Mark Josselyn
= Lucy Greaves
Anne Hallum
(1816- )
(1819- )
Dr Peter Goodall
(1821- )
no issue
(1824- )
(1824- )
(1824- )
(1831- )
Mary Lucy Amy (Anna?)
= S Moore
Ida Marian Tudor

By the latter part of the 1800's the Lay family were heavily involved in commerce and law.

John Watson Lay of Walcott's Hall, Gt Tey and of Kensington, London married Rachel Harriet Overton of Tenby, Pembroke, Wales.

John Watson Lay was a London barrister; he was party to one of the documents relating to the Hallum-Josselyn marriage settlement.

He died 1893, his wife Rachel in 1904. The Walcotts Hall and other estates passed to his nephew, Tudor Lay.

Mark Josselyn Lay (d 1871) married Lucy Greaves; he was a Captain of an East India Company Clipper "Tudor" on which his younger brother Frederick was 1st mate; there is record of his son Tudor Lay sailing on the ship from Calcutta to London.

Mark Josselyn Lay died 16th June 1871, aged 59; he is commemorated on a monumental inscription at Gt Tey.

Dr Peter Goodall Lay (dc1893) would appear to have been a collector; records reveal details of an ormolu clock, once owned by the Pretender Charles Stuart, which he purchased whilst resident in Rome.

Of the next generation, the one for whom there is most information is Tudor Lay.

Like his uncle, Tudor Lay also qualified as a lawyer but he also followed an army career. He was commissioned as a Lieutenant in 1874 married 1883 Julia Marien Kych, daughter of John Anthony Kych, one of his fellow Regimental officers,but there is no evidence of them having a family, bringing to an end the Lay name from that line.

Major Tudor Lay was killed in France 26th December, 1919; he was listed as a barrister of Temple, London and of Blakeney Norfolk, formerly of Walcotts. Documents from the period 1805-1817 relate to the disposal of Walcotts and other properties.

Tudor's sister, Amy, married S. Moore; there is no immediate evidence of any issue.

It is appropriate now to revert to the Josselyn and Hallum lines to follow the earlier trails.

Notes & References
Based on Vol 2, Ch 7 of the research of John Hallum