Family Passengers
The Hydaspes (Alexander Turnbull Library)
Margaret Davidson, 18, Elginshire and, by family lore, a friend.
The Voyage, 1869
< The Hydaspes departed from London on 3rd July 1869 and arrived at Lyttleton on 29th September 1869.

The Lyttleton Times, Thursday, September 30, 1869

Sept. 29 - Hydaspes, ship, 2092 tons, Babot; from London. Passengers - Cabin : Mr and Mrs David Lewis, Mr Charles Lewis, Mr and Mrs Barton, Rev. G. Watkins, Rev. R. Taylor, Mrs Taylor, Dr Fox, Mrs Fox, Messers Tancred, Staveley, Fox, Riddiford, Bridger, Irving, Lasenby, Jackson, B. Behrens, P. Behrens, W. Grose.

Captain Babot has furnished the following report: - Left Gravesend on the 3rd July at 6 p.m.; parted with the pilot off the Isle of Wight at noon on the 5th, wind westerly with dense fog; turned down Channel, and on the 8th, at 6 p.m., the last English land - the Scilly Islands - was seen, bearing north, 25 miles; on the 9th, signalled the ship Robert Henderson, from London to Otago; remained in company up to the evening of the 11th, when the wind freshening we gave her the go-by. From this time, we experienced light and variable winds. In latitude 32 N. we fell in with the N.E. trades, which were very light, and were lost in latitude 14 N. From this up to 1 N., we had light and variable winds when the S.E. trade winds set in. On July 21 signalled the barque Stormy Petrel, from Rangoon, bound north; on the 25th signalled the barque Akbar, from Liverpool, bound to Buenos Ayres. The captain being sick, Dr Fox volunteered to go on board, and on his return, sent medicine back. On the 30th exchanged signals with the Maori, from Auckland to London. On August 2, lat. 6 N., long. 20 W., signalled and passed the ship Brockham from London to Melbourne. On August 4, signalled and passed the barque Safeguard from New York, bound to Madras. On Aug. 5 crossed the equator in 20 W. longitude; same day signalled the ship Ascalon, from London to Sydney. The S.E. Trades were brisk, but lost in 30 S. latitude. On the 17th exchanged signals with City of Agra, bound to Calcutta. On August 30 passed the meridian of Cape of Good Hope, in latitude 43, 30 S. The longitude was run down between the parallels of 42 and 45 S. Strong gales and high seas and very unsettled weather were experienced in running down the easting. The largest day's run was 331 miles; for seven days the ship made over 300 miles in the day; 1900 miles were made in one week. On Sept. 24 passed the meridian of Tasmania. On Sept. 27, at 2 p.m., sighted the Snares, blowing a heavy S.W. gale with high sea. On Sept 28, at noon, was off Otago Heads, S.W. gale increasing; at midnight was off Banks Peninsula. Captain Sproul, pilot, came on board at 11 o'clock on the 29th Sept., and we anchored off Port Levy. The Hydaspes has made a fine passage, the run from the Line being especially noteworthy.

The Lyttleton Times, Friday, October 1, 1869

The Hydaspes
Yesterday morning at 6.45 the s.s. Wellington started to tow the Hydaspes in, as owing to a heavy S.W. breeze she could not beat up the harbour. The ship was anchored about six miles outside the Heads. The health officers, Drs Donald and Rouse, and Captain Gibson were passengers. On arriving alongside it was that all on board were well, and that there had been no sickness during the voyage. The ship was at once taken in tow, and came up to her anchorage off Rhodes Bay at 12.30 p.m. She has nearly the same officers as when last here - Mr D. Robb is purser, Mr Deschappela chief officer; Dr Alexander Fox, of London, surgeon. The ship maintains her high prestige for cleanliness and comfort. His Honour the Superintendent left Lyttleton in the p.s. Novelty at 11 a.m. and inspected the vessel. The immigrants and passengers speak in the highest terms of the captain and officers. There are on board four fine Durham bulls, the property of Mr Hay and Mr Bogg. Mr Robb has brought out two hedgehogs for the Acclimatisation gardens; four were brought on board, but two died during the passage.

The following testimonials were presented to Captain Babot yesterday: -
'To Captain Babot - We, the saloon passengers of the ship Hydaspes, desire to record our grateful sense of the kindness displayed by you and the officers generally, and also our cordial appreciation of your skill and untiring watchfulness for our welfare throughout the voyage from England to New Zealand. That health and prosperity may attend you in every voyage you make, is the earnest wish of yours,' - Signed by all saloon passengers.

'The steerage passengers and immigrants on board the ship Hydaspes, on arriving at Lyttleton, Canterbury, have a desire to express their gratitude to the Captain and officers for their uniform kindness and gentlemanly behaviour towards them, and alo to express their thanks to Dr Fox for the prompt, kind, and efficient way in which he has discharged the onerous calls made on him. The undersigned will at all times look back on their voyage to the land of their adoption with pleasure, and will always feel pleased to learn that Captain Babot and his officers will continue to form the link between them and the Mother Country. Trusting their efforts may be crowned with success in the future as they have been at present.' Signed by all the steerage passengers and immigrants.

Extra Information from The Weekly Press Newspaper

The clipper ship Hydaspes, Captain Babot commander, arrived off the Heads on 29th Sept from London, after a passage of 80 days from land to land. She brings a number of saloon and steerage passengers, all of whom have arrived in good health. There has been no births or deaths.

The ship Hydaspes was towed up to her anchorage opposite Rhodes' Bay next day, by the ss Wellington. The Wellington left the port at 6 am and proceeded outside the Heads to tow her in, arriving again at midday. The whole of the immigrants were landed same day by the ps Novelty and proceeded to Christchurch by special train at 430 p.m. The health officers upon visiting the ship found all well.

The Diary of Miss Emma Hodder
Emma Hodder was a 23 year old machinist from Middelsex, UK on board the Hydaspes.
June 30th 1869 (Wednesday)
Morning - Started for New Zealand very low spirited, not able to see one step before me, simply depending on Providence - may God bring me there in safety is my earnest prayer.

July 1st
Oh what a night, not any sleep - already began to realise the horrors of an Emigrant Ship not moved from the dock yet. I trust I shall be more resigned - not eaten a bit since I started. First Service held today. London Missionary sang How Sweet the Name of Jesus Sounds - first hymn sung on board - oh how thoroughly wretched I am. Packed like so many cattle. I was witnessed and so I came. Good bye how easily said but oh what hearts are wrung - a visit from one I love very much, has given me all my outfit, has been so excessively kind to me - I pray I may see them again and reward them and may God bless them very abundantly.

July 2nd
After a good nights rest I feel very much better - not started yet, still at the docks - a little more resigned but not much - cannot eat the provisions - the weather quite cool - a visit from Hetty today quite unexpected.

July 3rd
Another very bad night which helped make me very dull. We sailed early this morning for Gravesend and arrived there at 1/2 10 - we have had another service(s) on board today by one of the sailors Mission(ary) - sang There is a Fountain - felt in a very uncertain frame of mind - General inspection by Captain, Doctor, Mr OThynell and Inspector - on deck before sailing - all visitors gone now, just bid Mr OThynell good bye. I feel as if I could not bear it all - the Gentlemen left us at Gravesend, got in a little boat and cheered us out. {Captains notes - left Gravesend on the 3rd July at 6 p.m.}

July 4th
Sunday morning, lovely morning - feel rather giddy - not got as far as the Isle of Wight yet. Last sun. where was I - my thought will go back to the past but I have the future to be thinking over - service on board this morning by clergyman - enjoyed the evening services very much by a dissenter - the day on the whole passed very quietly.

July 5th (Monday)
Very misty. Very sad. The future seems very dark - not been ill, I am quite surprised - the Pilot and 2 Gentlemen left the ship today. Towards evening very fogey, had to keep ringing the bell to prevent running into ships. {Captains notes - parted with the pilot off the isle of Wight at noon on the 5th, wind westerly with dense fog; turned down channel}

July 6th (Tuesday)
Very sick and ill all day - sea very rough. Portland. Only went one mile all day, the wind being against us. {Notes - The Isle and Bill of Portland just out from Weymouth, in Dorset.}

July 7th (Wednesday)
Very much better altho very poorly. We have arrived at Lizzards Points Lands End - the sea is very rough, we stagger about like drunken men. We have been on board a week, it seems like a month. Altho I have much to be thankfull for I long to land - I am rather frightened as we enter the Bay of Biscay - God grant us safety.

July 8th (Thurdsday)
Felt very poorly, passed a dreadfull night - we are in the Bay of Biscay - very cold - when shall I begin to feel more resigned - laying down in my berth - Captain ordered us all on deck - spoke a ship today - everybody very ill. {Notes - There is a slight discrepancy in dates between the diary and the log. Captain…..on the 8th, at 6 p.m. the last English land - the Scilly Isalnds was seen, bearing north, 25 miles; on the 9th, signalled the ship Robert Henderson, from London to Otago; remained in company up to the evening of the 11th when the wind freshening we gave her the go-by.}

July 9th (Friday)
Passed a sleepless night but feel very well indeed, not in the least sick. We are rocking about very much - altho it is most uncomfortable, it is very amusing - today at tea we were all sitting together when the ship turned on one side and every thing went over - our weekly rations were all mixed together, such as salt, currants, coffee, tea, treacal and etc - it is the first time I have had a good laugh since I left and most fortunate for it is friday as we shall have a fresh supply on Monday - we are going very slowly - we are only 60 miles from England - the first fine day today and as we sat on deck the Minister played the Piano - sacred hymns, it sounded beautiful - calm peacefull night.

July 10th (Saturday)
Another sleepless night - the ship rolled most dreadfull, I was really quite frightened thinking every moment we must go to the bottom - a glorious morning - I'm quite warm on deck altho we are rocking very much - we cannot keep any thing on tables - they will all roll on the floor which is very amusing altho it makes us plenty of work - time drags very heavily. Oh how I wish the journey was ended - But I must have patience.

July 11th (Sunday)
Splendid morning, quite warm - service on deck Clergyman service in the evening by a Weslyan Minister - text Behold he Prayeth - enjoyed it very much - after service sang hymns, sounded lovely - among other(s) Abide with Me - this morning we were 155 miles from land. {Notes - it was this day that they slipped the Robert Henderson, which with the Hydaspes and the barque Victoria had left on the 3rd for N.Z. The Hydaspes gained several days on the other two.}

July 12th (Monday)
Fine morning, wind rather cold - distance from land 239 miles - I began to feel a little anxious for the future. I wonder what my lot shall be, and yet I seem to feel that God will bless and prosper me in the land I am going to - I will trust him. Lord increase my faith - on the Spanish coast.

July 13th (Tuesday)
Very warm - raining a little - feel very well indeed - everybody grumbling - Steerage Passage is anything but comfortable - we have to go down in our berths directly it gets dark which as we near the tropics, is very early.

July 14th (Wednesday)
Very hot - wind unfavourable - nothing important.

July 15th (Thursday)
Still very hot - feel very dull - every one nearly well, we have to come into our berths by 1/2 7 because it is dark - it seems like so many convicts - we are in the Mediteranean Sea. {Notes - Geography is not Emma Hodders strength. Of this period Captain Babot wrote: From this time we experienced light and variable winds. In latitude 32N. we fell in with the N.E. trades, which were very light and were lost in latitude 14 N. From this up to 1 N. we had light and variable winds when the S.E. trade winds set in.}

July 16th (Friday)
Magnificent morning only very hot - a disturbance last night with the Irish - we were all very much frightened - watches appointed now all night - I and Grace Campbell begin tonight - we are afraid they will rise in the night and do for us. I have spoken to the Minister this morning and he is going to conduct prayers for us every morning also a bible class sunday afternoon - I am quite pleased - it is something to look forward to and also it will break the montony of the day - I feel very anxious about the future - Oh that I could leave it all to Jesus lean entirely on him. {Notes - The passenger list includes Grace Campbell, housemaid, Middlesex, among the assisted emigrants. The nationalities of the single women were: Irish 25, English 24, Scots 7, others 3.}

July 17th (Saturday)
Lovely morning, very hot - prayers this morning by the Dissenting Minister - read the first chapter of Mr Spurgeons John Ploughmans talk - I enjoyed it very much. {Notes - 'John Ploughman's Talk: or Plain Advice to Plain People', by Charles Haddon Spurgeon, was published first in 1868 in London, and was an 8 vo book of 150 - 170pp. It later went into various other editions.}

July 18th (Sunday)
Still very warm - Service on deck this morning - singing sounded very beautiful - Awake my Soul and with the sun - Come let us join our cheerful song - God moves in a Mysterious way - I feel the truth of this last hymn - My lot seems indeed a mystery - oh why these anxious thoughts - we are going to have a Bible class - God grant it may cheer me up. The B class was very nice indeed quite a comfort and the Evening Service on deck most beautiful - not over till dusk.

July 19th (Monday)
Still very hot - Prayers this morning by our dear Minister on the quiet in our own berth - read a chapter from Mr Spurgeons John Ploughman.

July 20th (Tuesday)
Very hot indeed - we are bordering the Indian Ocean - Prayers this morning - 2nd chapter of John Ploughman.

July 21st (Wednesday)
Beautiful weather - up till now we have had a splendid voyage - we are at the Canary Islands - Prayers and Bible Class forbidden by the Doctor - I am very much disappointed and surprised that we cannot enjoy liberty if not in any thing else, in religious matters - it could not be much ?worse if we were convicts - 3 weeks today on board ship, it seems like 3 months - but I have enjoyed wonderful health - I ought to be thankfull. {Captains notes: on July 21 signalled the barque Stormy Petrel, from Rangoon, bound north.}

July 22nd (Thursday)
Of course as we near the line it gets hotter every day altho we have a nice wind which makes it very pleasant. Last night I saw a lovely sight - I stood gazing on the water after dark - the Moon was shining very bright and the sea was beautifully calm and as I watched its silvery spray I could not help thinking of when there should be no more sea. One cannot help thinking of God when seeing pictures that Man could never paint, and I have faith to believe that the same God is my father and he will bring me to the end - how I am ………. always …………..{Notes - the missing words are indistinct}

July 23rd (Friday)
Another lovely day, very hot.

July 24th (Saturday)
Hotter still - nothing of any note - has occurred yet - in the Evening 4 of the sailors dressed as negroes came and amused us tonight for which they collected 1 Guinea amongst the passengers.

July 25th (Sunday)
The heat is intense - I did not enjoy the service one bit. The Communion administered this Morn very cold affair. How I shall enjoy being welcomed at the table of the Lord again - No Sermon only prayers read - no evening services as it is dark by 1/2 6 - but the Psalm read and the prayer offered done me more good than all the Service this morning.

July 26th (Monday)
Weather still very fine - nothing of any note.

July 27th (Tuesday)
Last night a thunder storm and as we are in the Tropic we were enabled to witness what I have often read of - the Tropical rains - they are very hard but so refreshing in this intense heat.

July 28th (Wednesday)
Sent letters to day - More rain in the night - very cloudy this morning - I can scarcely realise that we have been on board 1 month today - I have evey cause to bless the Lord for his Mercy - I am enjoying health and strength and so far we have had a splendid voyage - God grant that I may have a thankfull heart and that the next 2 months may be spent as pleasantly as the last. (Captains notes - Captain Babot makes no mention of meeting a ship to send mail that day. His printed log says:…..on the 25th signalled the barque Akbar, from Liverpool, bound to Buenos Ayres. The captain being sick, Dr Fox volunteered to go on board and on his return sent medicine.}

July 29th (Thursday)
Poorly - rain all day and as we are down in our berths we feel very miserable.

July 30th (Friday)
Still very wet and a squall last night - the Sailors threw what they call the dead horse overboard so a stuffed horse was filled with gunpowder and thrown into the sea alight which cause great amusement - Many very sick again to day, I was very poorly indeed. {Notes - the 'dead horse' meant work or time for which advance payment had already been made. In the case of the sailing ships the usual custom was to give the men an advance draft representing a month's pay on which their families could draw once the ship sailed. Since four calendar weeks from London had elapsed, as Emma noted, on the 28th, the 'dead horse' celebration either marked four calendar weeks from Gravesend, or else a month, 30th to 30th, from London. Captain Babot's report: On the 30th exchanged signals with the Maori, from Auckland to London.}

July 31st (Saturday)
I am very low-spirited - I have taken my likenesses out and looked at all my family and read their letters again which ended in me having a good cry - Oh that I could feel more cheerful and have more trust in God but it is indeed hard to bear - every day brings fresh trials and each day I feel less able to bear them.

August 1st (Sunday)
Another week has passed and I am still safe and surrounded with mercies - My head is very bad today and I still feel very dull - Service on deck this morning not at all cheering - my thoughts will go back to my friends to day - how I should like to sit down to dinner with some I love to day - I begin to tire of the food - I already feel weak for want of something norishing - I am going to remain on deck alone while they all go down to dinner, which consists of cold rice and sour bread - I cannot take it today - I did not go to the service in the afternoon. Sang several pieces on deck in the evening which sounded lovely - a Beautiful sunset tonight.

August 2nd (Monday)
Very windy - not feeling at all well - nothing of any note. {Captains note: On August 2, lat. 6N., long. 20W., signalled and passed the ship Brockham from London to Melbourne.)

August 3rd (Tuesday)
A great deal cooler - the sun is behind us now so the father we go the cooler it gets. Going very slow - I feel a great deal better today, more cheerful - I believe this will all end for my good - shower bath.

August 4th (Wednesday)
Beautiful morning and I feel very well - I am up on deck this morning and they have just caught a dolphin and it ?laid on deck till dead - a very quiet day - feel a deal more content. {Captains note: On August 4 signalled and passed the barque Safeguard from New York, bound to Madras.}

August 5th (Thursday)
Splendid morning - shower bath, enjoyed it very much - a great stir this morning - 2 girls very rude, put in Prison and fed on Biscuits () water. {Captains note: On August 5 crossed the Equator in 20 W. longitude; same day signalled the ship Ascalon, from London to Sydney. The S.E. Trades were brisk thereafter, but lost in 30 S. latitude.}

August 6th (Friday)
They are still confined, not at all sorry, I find I am very much disliked because I will not associate with them, but I cannot help it - they are such a low lot - there are 2 young ladys I like very much - Miss Mason and Miss Moore and they are, I believe (word crossed out) Christian - those 2 girls came to their berths 9 clock tonight. {Notes - The only one the ship (amongst the single women) is Elizabeth Moore, Devonshire, general servant; there are three Masons - the matron, Mrs Phoebe Mason, who is mentioned later; Jessie Mason (Tyrone) and Anne Mason (Yorkshire). Surprising as it may seem, it is the Irish girl, Jessie Mason, who is specified later.}

August 7th (Saturday)
We have crossed the line early this morning - we are now at 12 oclock 23 degrees (the word 'miles' has been crossed out) the other side - distance from yesterday (191 crossed out) miles - we are going on beautifull - a very nice wind and much cooler - when we were crossing the line there were stars forming a cross in the sky but we are prevented seeing many sights in consequence of our being obliged to go down at dusk. {Notes - It is clear that Emma and Captain Babot are not in one another's confidence.}

August 8th (Sunday)
Still progressing beautiful and a lovely morning service on deck - afternoon service very nice, Behold the Bridegroom Cometh, Go Ye Out to Meet Him - felt very comforted for some days - it is want of faith I know, but it is indeed hard to say thy will be done - but I do believe that I shall be brought to my desired haven in peace and that there is a work for me to do even in a strange land - then Lord increase my faith.

August 9th (Monday)
We are in the trade winds and we are rolling about dreadfull - we are obliged to laugh for all the things tumble together and it makes us so tired putting them to rights - we went 260 miles today.

August 10th (Tuesday)
Passed a sleepless night - the Vessel rolled about to much for any of us to lie still - she is going so quick that they have been obliged to take down some of her sails - washing and dressing this morning quite fun - Basins would tip over and the Vessel being on the slant we are obliged to keep running about - when we were washing this morning the Port hole being open, a big wave came rolling in and sent us flying - brushes, combs, and oil went over and set every body screaming and now I have come on deck it is just the same - I cannot walk - the Vessel seems as if she was drunk - no more Voyages for me - I shall never forget this one.

August 11th (Wednesday)
Not quite so rough - a lovely day, I enjoy this weather very much - my spirits are not at all good - I try hard to look into the future instead of leaving it all with Jesus - my morning and ?night watches are the only things that seem to comfort me - the most beautiful sunset tonight, but the sky in the Tropics is always very lovely.

August 12th (Thursday)
Still very fine, nothing of any note - I do not feel very well today, so sick of this life - oh that I could always feel that thy grace was sufficient for me.

August 13th (Friday)
The weather still very beautifull - nothing of any note occurred all day, but this evening the most lovely sunset I ever saw - fancy could never paint a picture like it - little did I think when reading of the southern skys that such a sight was in store for me - to describe my feeling whilst gazeing at it would be impossible - but what bliss to know that the same God who hangs such lovely pictures in the sky is my Father and my friend whose care for those who trust his word shall never never end.

August 14th (Saturday)
I am spared once more to rise surrounded with mercies - the sun is shining beautifully and I am sitting on the deck enjoying the air - we have had an entertainment tonight, Sailors dressed as negroes singing and dancing - we enjoyed it very much and were allowed to stay up till 7.

August 15th (Sunday)
Did not go to Morning Service - enjoyed the afternoon Service very much, 1 Chronicles 28-9 - a beautiful moonlight night, we were allowed to remain on deck till 8 oclock - I never saw such a lovely sight in my life and I cannot express my feelings as I gazed out upon the water, the deck quite light and the Passengers walking to and fro - I did indeed feel thankfull that the same God who created the Heavens was my Father. {Notes - The text, in the Revised Standard Version is: 'And you, Solomon my son, know the God of your father, and serve him with a whole heart and with a willing mind; for the Lord searches all hearts and understands every plan and thought. If you seek him, he will be found by you; but if you forsake him, he will cast you off for ever.'}

August 16th (Monday)
Saw the sun rise this morning, another magnificent sight - remained up till 8 and enjoyed it very much - Ann Davis gone to the hospital for what is too painful to write. {Notes - the list gives Annie L. Davis, Middlesex}

August 17th (Tuesday)
A very lovely day, very quiet in, the Cabin Passengers had music and singing in the saloon which amused us very much - saw the Evening Star as it were drop into the water, a very pretty sight and very wonderful.

August 18th (Wednesday)
Jessie Mason birthday - the weather still fine - the day passed on the whole very quiet indeed - the time is very monotonous - feel very tired tonight.

August 19th (Thursday)
Very bad headache and very dull.

August 20th (Friday)
Pouring in wet and very cold - a wave came in our Port hole and swamped us and the rain poured in Torrents in our berths nearly all day - awake all night - dreadfull rocking.

August 21st (Saturday)
Very cold - obliged to take to all our warm clothes - but we are going along splendid and we are ?swarmed with Cape Pigeons - they are very pretty birds - they have black back but the rest is snowy white, very like a swans - they have a long black wing with 2 white stars on each wing - their heads are like ravens - they keep close to the ship.

August 22nd (Sunday)
S()ill very cold - service on deck - we were nearly froze - the cold has set in so suddenly we are all taken by surprise - afternoon service very nice but very short owing to rain coming on - this is our last night on deck late till there is another New Moon - when I think of landing my faith wavers - it is hard to trust God w()ere we cannot trace him.

August 23rd (Monday)
A very dull morning and cold but not rocking half so much.

August 24th (Tuesday)
Very wet all the morning - in the afternoon it left off raining and we went on deck but it was so cold and slipery that we could not stand it long - so after tea we amused ourselves with Sir Roger de Coverley.

August 25th (Wednesday)
A magnificent morning, the sun shining brightly but very cold - but it reminded me of a sharp spring morning in England - so we had skipping and dancing on deck which kept us warm - we are at Gough Island - these sort of morning make me feel very happy and thankful and yet I feel I am not half gratefull enough - we have had a wonderful Voyage, God grant it may terminate in peace. {Notes - Gough Island is just south of Tristan da Cunha}

August 26th (Thursday)
I passed a sleepless night - made sure we were in danger - very rough but as we are rounding the Cape we must expect it - a pouring wet morning - evry one glad to keep in their berth - several very sick - rolling very much, we can scarcely stand - played 3 games of Whist last night and lost each game - anything to pass the time - we have () 2 months on Board.

August 27th (Friday)
Passed a sleepless night, felt very tired - the Vessel rocked dreadfull - we could not sit or stand - boxes were dancing Sir Roger de Coverley and we quite ached rolling against the Boards and as a last resort we sat up in bed and consoled ourselves with cold Pudding - several were very frightened and I have no doubt we all thought of another world - the noise seemed as if we knocked against rocks but in the morning we found nearly all the sails were blown away, which accounted for the noise - I arose very thankfull to God for spareing us and went up on deck just to see the Billows - I have often read of waves mountains high and today I have seen it - whilst standing on one side of the deck admiring the waves one immense wave came over the opposite side and we were flooded - it was indeed fun to see the people run but there is something very awful but still very grand - I could not help thinking of that verse this awful God of ours Our saviour and our friend Whos care for those who trust his word shall never never end - it is so peircing cold I could not remain on deck many minutes. Hail storms every few minutes and the cold is intense - I am obliged to get in my berth and cover myself up. {Captains notes - On the 27th exchanged signals with the City of Agra bound to Calcutta}

August 28th (Saturday)
Oh what a night - gales all night - we indeed all thought that the morning would find us in eternity - between 11 and 12 we heard the most dreadfull noise - I got up to see what was the matter and I shall never forget how I felt - I went to look on deck and I found all the sails had been blown away - there was not a thread left of them - the Captain was shouting his hardest and everything in the utmost confusion - we all got up and presently a wave came and swamped the place - we could do nothing but listen as we all ?locked down and they would not allow us to go on deck unless there had been no hope - the Ship rolled from side to side and about 5 oclock she seemed to turn on one side and remained 2 seconds and the same time a wave came in, swamped the place the 2 time - oh how terrified we were - the Irish fell on their knees and the others wept - I ?seemed to give myself up and oh how I longed for morning - and at last when it did come we found out the cause of the ship turning on her side - the Captain went down stairs to retire to rest and left the ship to the First Mate - the wind was so strong that they had put 3 men at the wheel and the waves rose mountains high - an immense wave came over the aft part of the ship and knocked 2 of the men down - the other was unable to battle with it alone so was obliged to let her go - the consequence was she turned on her side and if the Captain had not heard the noise and rushed up and caught hold of the wheel and hollered for more help she would never have righted - but thank God our lives were spared, I trust to glorify God - the Cabin Passengers were 8 inches deep in water - all obliged to turn of (out) of their beds - the waves broke the stern window and the water rushed in and in a minute they were swamped - of course we did not go to bed all night.

August 29th (Sunday)
Very rough and very cold - no service on deck - a weary day - no services - but we gathered a few together and read to them Christ stilling the tempests.

August 30th (Monday)
Up all night - felt timid - the Ship rolled a great deal so Mrs Mason and I sat up - I feel very poorly today - in fact more so than I have since I have been on board and also feel dull - I am very fond of Miss Mason and I believe her to be a Christian, but somehow we do not seem to agree and I think of the 2 disciples going to Emaus, how they argued and I wonder why we both see faults in each other and when rebuked, we cavil at it instead of taking it all in love. {Notes - Apparently clear distinction between Mrs and Miss. Captains notes - on Aug. 30 passed the meridian of Cape of Good Hope in 43.30 S.}

August 31st (Tuesday)
Feel still very poorly - the doctor has given me some medicine - I do not get ill now - we are so near our journey end - we expect to land the end of this month - the very thought gives me new life - how very thankfull I shall be to land altho I cannot see one step before me - but I believe God will open a door for me to get out of this difficulty - I try and trust him but sometimes my faith fails me - 2 months has passed by and on the whole quickly and pleasantly - Friday night was the first storm and I trust the last as we were then in the most dangerous part then and now we have cleared the Cape and are in a straight line for New Zealand.

September 1st
Very cold, very stormy.

September 2nd
Up all night - Vessel rocking dreadfull - sat up with Mrs Mason.

September 1st
Still rocking fearfull - we cannot keep a thing in its place.

September 2nd
Very stormy and very cold - nothing of any note.

September 3rd
Very cold and miserable - up again all night.

September 4th
Up again all night - felt quite frightened - lost a sail in the night - we are going at a great rate - we do nearly 300 miles every day.

September 5th (Sunday)
Very rough indeed - ropes put across to prevent us from fall(a)ing. We had service in the cabin. Just (h)as I had got to the top of steps a tremendous wave came over the Ship and knocked me down - most fortunately I stooped down and held on the galley and the waves went over me but they rushed to and fro several times and each time I got a ducking - the Captain and Mates stood and laughed but I went to the service and sat in my things but being salt water I did not catch cold - Jessie and the Constable went rolling up and down the deck - I was compelled to laugh and when in the saloon at prayers one man shot across the room chair and all as much as ever I could do to keep from screaming - In the evening we went again and one man more devout than the rest knealt down and the consequence was he went sprawling - my sense of gravity was quite gone again - I was sitting next the Captain but I shook and so did he also.

September 6th (Monday)
Very cold, up all night.

September 7th (Tuesday)
Very cold and going very quick - several very ill.

September 8th (Wednesday)
Very dull, not so cold.

September 9th (Thursday)
Up nearly all night - rained very hard, Squalls all night - the vessel rocking dreadfull - feel very frightened, cannot sleep at all - Mrs Mason and I sat up till daylight - splendid morning, much warmer - we are going ?now and quick - I feel very tired and shall be very glad to land - we are looking forward to it - if we were to hear Land Ahead now I think we should break each other neck to get on deck. Read several chapters of ?Edwards (?Edmunds) present the Listener out loud last night - very much liked. {Notes - 'The Listener', by Caroline Fry (later Mrs Wilson) was published in two 12mo volumes in London in 1830 and went through many editions - 8th in 1839, 11th in 1856, 13th in 1863, when in 18mo it cost 3s6d.}

September 15th (Thursday)
Very cold - waves very high - can only remain on deck about half an hour at a time - waves roll over and send us all down. {Captains notes - the longitude was run down between the parallels of 42 and 45 S. Strong gales and high seas and very unsettled weather were experienced in running down the easting. The largest day's run was 331 miles; for seven days the ship made over 300 miles in the day; 1900 miles were made in one week.}

September 16th (Friday)
Little warmer - wind very keen - dancing on deck in the evening - caught cold through sleeping on damp beds - an abcess forming in my mouth, oh the agony.

September 18th (Saturday)
Passed a sleepless night crying with agony.

September 19th (Sunday)
Another sleepless night - laid on the bed all day rolling with pain - face very swollen and right eye quite black with pain. Doctor came when I was in bed and wanted to Lance it but I would not let him so he said he would do it in the morning.

September 20th (Monday)
Nearly mad - got up and went in the hospital and had it lanced but was so ill that I remained in the hospital all day - came out in the evening - cook gave me a little soup which made me feel a great deal better.

September 21st (Tuesday)
A lovely morning but as my face is too much of a figure to go on deck I remained in my berth all day - all the talk now is landing which we expect to do this week.

September 22nd (Wednesday)
Feel a great deal better - went up on deck - all the Cabin Passengers came and enquired after my health which I thought was very kind - we seem to notice every little attention.

September 23rd (Thursday)
Nothing ocurs of any note - very great Calm and very lovly on deck.

September 24th (Friday)
Still very calm, quite surprising. {Captains notes - on Sept. 24 passed the meridian of Tasmania.}

September 25th (Saturday)
Very wet and cold - very rough.

September 26th (Sunday)
Passed a dreadfull night - up part of the night, seas coming over and rocking very much - Services in the Saloon in the morning - we could not keep our gravity - people kept shooting about - Books go Flying - I am obliged to laugh altho I ache with rolling about.

September 27th (Monday)
A very misty morning and we felt a little frightened as we expect to pass the Snares - about 1 oclock it cleared up and to our great delight we saw land for the first time - oh what a rush there was on deck just to see a few rocks - we compared it to the ?walls of Clerkenwell - But how thankfull I am we passed them by daylight - they are very dangerous and we steered very close - our Captain was wrecked some where near here a little while ago - Oh I do trust God in his mercy will bring us to our desired haven in peace - I do not feel well - such a longing to get to land. {Captains notes - on Sept. 27th, at 2 p.m., sighted the Snares, blowing a heavy S.W. gale with high sea.}

September 28th (Tuesday)
We are very near harbour and we have had a clean up all day for the Inspectors - the Captain sent us Port Wine to drink his health and the Doctors - an early night and I feel sad. {Captains notes - On Sept. 28 at noon was off Otago Heads, S.W. gale increasing; at midnight was off Banks Peninsula. Captain Sproul, pilot, came on board at 11 o'clock on the 29th Sept., and we anchored off Port Levy. The Hydaspes has made a fine passage, the run from the Line being especially noteworthy.}

The Ship
The Passenger List

Ploughmen - Joshua Hannant, wife and child, Norfolk; John O'Donnell, wife and three children, Donegal.
Farm Labourers - Alexander Dunbar, wife and five children, Nairn; John Beveridge, and wife, Fifeshire; James Simmons, wife and child; Joseph Keilpin, wife and three children, Bucks; Edward Brinkinann, wife and three children, Germany.
Coach Maker - William Theakston and wife, Middlesex.
Labourer - William Lewis and wife, Cornwall.

Ploughmen - Harry Childs, Dorsetshire; Joseph Brooks, Sussex; Robert Hepburn, Ayreshire; James Gallagher, Thomas Boyd, Patrick Gallagher, Donegal; William McCausland, James Johnston, Tyrone; James Connors, Clare; Joseph Miller, Caithness.
Farm Labourers - Alexander Dunbar, Nairn; William Dunbar, Buteshire; William B. Clarkson, Yorkshire; Joseph Rainbow, Northampton; William Buston, Wiltshire; Wm. Jas. Roberts, Somersetshire; Thomas Gibbs, Cornwall; John Fotheringham, Orkney; Robert Pine, Banffshire; Henry Mullier, Michael Mullier, Tyrone; Thomas Foulston, George Foulston, Yorkshire; Walter Wray, Kent.
Gardeners - Thomas Hobbs, John Hobbs, Alfred Coker, Bucks.
Labourers - William Mundie, Aberdeenshire; Henry W. Ottaway, Kent; Hugh Oliver, Cornwall; William Theakston, Middlesex.
Shepherds - John Maclean, Rosshire; Thomas Cochrane, Ayreshire; John Grice, Leicestershire; Robert Gilmore, Lanarkshire.

General Servants - Jane Dunbar, Nairn; Bridget Mullin, Mary Ann Mullin, Jessie Mason, Tyrone; Emma Wells, Annie L. Davis, Middlesex; Elizabeth Moore, Devonshire; Ann Hackett, Middlesex; Mary Kilvington, Surrey; Margaret Mackenzie, Prince Edward Island; Mary Ann Lamb, Middlesex; Mary E. Gordon, Staffordshire; Geraldine Griffiths, Notts; Jane Roberts, Staffordshire; Mary Ann Baker, Somersetshire; Wilhelmina Glustin, Germany; Jane Draffin, Lanarkshire; Margaret Davidson, Elginshire; Elizabeth Wilson, Armagh; Mary Donnelly, Tyrone; Ellen Duggan, Maria Duggan, Galway; Mary McSwigan, Tyrone; Catherine Gallagher, Donegal; Letitia Caldwell, Margaret Caldwell, Tyrone; Honor Francis, Mary Mulroyan, Mary Kelly, Galway; Margaret Quane, Limerick; Johannah Slattery, Cork; Ellen Burke, Winifred Corbett, Galway; Mary Toomy, Tipperary; Susanna Goold, Down; Margaret Husband, Waterford; Harriet Billings, Kent; Eliza Stephens, India; Margaret Miller, Caithness; Martha Bradley, Lincolnshire; Isabella Brien, Eliza Lewis, Roscommon.
Cooks - Margaret Wells, Elizabeth Anne Down, Middlesex; Philadelphia Cuthbert, Kent; Elizabeth Barkley, Norfolk; Martha Balls, Suffolk.
Dairy Women - Christina Gilmore, Margaret Gilmore, Renfrewshire.
House Maids - Grace Campbell, Middlesex; Fanny Child, Shropshire.
Laundress - Ann Husband - Waterford.
Nurses - Maude Sittason, Margaret Campbell, Middlesex; Mary J. Husband, Waterford.
Machinist - Emma Hodder, Middlesex. - Ellen Theakston, Middlesex; Margaret Dunbar, Buteshire; Bridget Mullin, Tyrone; Anne Mason, Hannah Helliwell, Fangy Helliwell, Yorkshire.

Matron - Phoebe Mason.

Males - Farm labourers, 19; ploughmen, 12; gardeners, 3; labourers, 5; shepherds, 3; coachmaker, 1. Total males, 43.
Females - General servants, 42; cooks, 5; dairy women, 2; house-maids, 2; nurses, 3; laundress, 1; machinist, 1; matron, 1. Total females, 57.
Male adults, 44; female adults, 73; male children, 10; female children, 11; infants 2. Total souls, 140, equal to 127 1/2 statute adults.

Notes & References
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